Curriculum Vitae - Nadrian Charles Seeman

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Date:  November 16, 2015 

Personal:  December 16, 1945; Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Contact: Dept. of Chemistry, Mail Code 5180, New York University

New York, NY 10003-6688, U.S.A.

212-998-8395 (t); 212-995-4475 (f)

[email protected]



B.S. Biochemistry University of Chicago 1966

Ph.D. Crystallography/Biochemistry (G.A. Jeffrey) University of Pittsburgh 1970

Research Associate (Cyrus Levinthal) Columbia University 1970-72

Postdoctoral Fellow (Alexander Rich) MIT 1972-77


Professional Experience:

Margaret and Herman Sokol Professor of Chemistry, New York University, 2001-.

Professor, Department of Chemistry, New York University, 1988-.

Associate Professor (tenured), Biology Dept., SUNY/Albany, 1983-1988.

Assistant Professor, Biology Dept., SUNY/Albany, 1977-1983.


Academic and Professional Honors:

Illinois State Scholar 1963-1966.

NIH Predoctoral Trainee 1967-1970.

NATO Advanced Study Fellow 1970.

Damon Runyon Fellow 1972-1973.

NIH Postdoctoral Fellow 1973-1976.

Basil O'Connor Fellow 1978-1981.

NIH Research Career Development Award 1982-1987.

Honorary Distinguished Prof., Univ. Peruana Cayetano Heredia 1998-.

Elected AAAS Fellow 1998.

Charter Member, BBCA NIH Study Section 1999-2003.

Outstanding Mentor, Siemens Westinghouse Competition 2003.

Elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry 2005.

NIH MERIT Award 2005.

Festschrift Volume, Nanotechnology:  Science and Computation, (J.

Chen, N. Jonoska, G, Rozenberg, Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin) 2006.

John Simon Guggenheim Fellow 2010-2011.

Elected Member of the Norwegian Academy of Science &

Letters. 2010.

Honored by Symposium at FNANO Conference 2011.

Honored by Symposium at NYU. 2011.

Thomson-Reuters Citation Laureate 2013.

Elected Fellow of the American Crystallographic Association 2014. 

Welcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, India 2014-2015.


Awards and Prizes:

Sidhu Award (A National Award granted by the Pittsburgh Diffraction Society to a scientist under the age of 33 for outstanding diffraction studies), for the demonstration of RNA double helices in single crystals, 1974.

Popular Science Magazine Science and Technology Award, for the construction of a DNA cube, 1993.

Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology (An International Award given by The Foresight Institute), for the construction of DNA polyhedra, 1995.

Discover Magazine Emerging Technology Award, for DNA tinkertoys, 1997.

Margaret and Herman Sokol Faculty Award in the Sciences, for excellence in research in the Faculty of Arts and Science at New York University, 1999.

Rozenberg Tulip Award (DNA-based computing scientist of the year), 2004.

Nanotech Briefs Nano50 Innovator Award for DNA nanotechnology, 2005.

World Technology Network Award, for biotechnology, 2005.

William H. Nichols Medal from NY Section of Am. Chem. Soc., 2008.

Frontiers of Science Award, from the Society of Cosmetic Chemists, 2009.

Alexander Rich Medal, from MIT, 2010.

Kavli Prize in Nanoscience, 2010.

ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize, 2011.

Chinese Academy of Sciences Albert Einstein Professorship Award, 2012.

Distinguished Alumnus Award, University of Pittsburgh, 2012.

Jagadish Chandra Bose Triennial Gold Medal, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 2014.

Benjamin Franklin Medal in Chemistry, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, 2016.



Scientific Pedigree:



Nadrian C. Seeman received his Ph.D. from George Alan Jeffrey (Pittsburgh).

Jeffrey received his degree from E. Gordon Cox (Leeds/Birmingham).

Cox received his degree from William Henry Bragg (Royal Institution).

Bragg received his training from John Joseph Thomson (Cambridge).

Thomson received his training from Edward John Routh (Cambridge).

Routh was taught by Isaac Todhunter and William Hopkins (Cambridge).



Nadrian C. Seeman trained under Alexander Rich (MIT).

Alexander Rich trained under Linus Pauling (Caltech).

Pauling trained under Roscoe Dickinson (Caltech).

Dickinson trained under Arthur Amos Noyes (Caltech).

Noyes trained under Wilhelm Ostwald (Leipzig).

Ostwald trained under Carl Schmidt (Tartu).

Schmidt trained under Justus von Liebig (Geissen).

von Liebig trained under Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner (Erlangen).

Kastner trained under Johann Gottling (Jena).

Gottling trained under Johann Christian Wiegleb (Langensalza).






1. N.C. Seeman, MIND3:  A FORTRAN Patterson Superposition Program for the IBM 1130.  In:  Crystallographic Computing, F.R. Ahmed, ed., Munksgaard, Copenhagen (1970), pp. 87-89.


2. B. Berking and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 1,6;2,3-Dianhydro-β-D-gulopyranose.  Acta Crystallographica B27,1752-1760 (1971).


3. N.C. Seeman, J.L. Sussman, H.M. Berman and S.-H. Kim, Nucleic Acid Conformation:  The Crystal Structure of a Naturally Occurring Dinucleoside Phosphate (UpA).  Nature New Biology 233,  90-92 (1971).


4. N.C. Seeman, E.L. McGandy and R.D. Rosenstein, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Pyrazole-3-L-Alanine.  Journal of the American Chemical Society 94, 1717-1720 (1972).


5. J.J. Madden, E.L. McGandy and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of the Orthorhombic Form of L-(+)-Histidine.  Acta Crystallographica B28, 2377-2382 (1972).


6. J.J. Madden, E.L. McGandy, N.C. Seeman, M.M. Harding and A. Hoy, The Crystal Structure of the Monoclinic Form of L-(+)-Histidine.  Acta Crystallographica B28, 2382-2389 (1972).


7. J.L. Sussman, N.C. Seeman, S.-H. Kim and H.M. Berman, The Crystal Structure of a Naturally Occurring Dinucleoside Phosphate:  Uridylyl-3',5'-adenosine.  Model for RNA Chain Folding.  Journal of Molecular Biology 66, 403-421 (1972).


8. N.C. Seeman, Determinata la Struttura Cristallina di un Dinucleosidofosfato Naturale (UpA).  In:  Enciclopedia Della Scienze E Della Tecnica, Annuario Della EST,  Mondadori, Milano (1972), pp. 68-69 (in Italian).


9. S.-H. Kim, H.M. Berman, N.C. Seeman and M.D. Newton, Seven Basic Conformations of Nucleic Acid Structural Units.  Acta Crystallographica B29, 703-710 (1973).


10. J.M. Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, J.-J.P. Kim, F.L. Suddath, H.B. Nicholas and A. Rich, Double Helix at Atomic Resolution.  Nature 243, 150-154 (1973).


11. R.O. Day, N.C. Seeman, J.M. Rosenberg and A. Rich, A Crystalline Fragment of the Double Helix:  The Structure of the Dinucleoside Phosphate Guanylyl-3',5'-cytidine.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 70, 849-853 (1973).


12. S.-H. Kim, F.L. Suddath, G.J. Quigley, A. McPherson, J.L. Sussman, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, The Three Dimensional Tertiary Structure of Transfer RNA.  Science 185, 435-440 (1974).


13. S.-H. Kim, J.L. Sussman, G.J. Quigley, F.L. Suddath, A. McPherson, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, A Generalized Structure for Transfer RNA.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 71, 4970-4974 (1974).


14. N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, Nucleic Acid-Mutagen Interactions:  The Crystal Structure of Adenylyl-3',5'-uridine Plus 9-Aminoacridine.  Nature 253, 324-326 (1975).


15. G.J. Quigley, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman, F.L. Suddath, A. Rich, J.L. Sussman and S.-H. Kim, Hydrogen Bonding in Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 72, 4866-4870 (1975).


16. G.J. Quigley, N.C. Seeman, A.H.-J. Wang, F.L. Suddath and A. Rich, Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA:  Atomic Coordinates and Torsion Angles.  Nucleic Acids Research 2, 2329-2341 (1975).


17. S.-H Kim, F.L. Suddath, G.J. Quigley, A. McPherson, J.L. Sussman, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich,  The Tertiary Structure of Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA.  In:  Structure and Conformations of Nucleic Acids and Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions, ed. by M. Sundaralingam and S.T. Rao, University Park Press, Baltimore, (1975) pp. 7-14.


18. N.C. Seeman, J.M. Rosenberg and A. Rich, Sequence Specific Recognition of Double Helical Nucleic Acids by Proteins.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 73, 804-808 (1976).


19. J.M Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, RNA Double Helices Derived from Studies of Small Fragments.  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 69, 979-987 (1976).


20. A. Rich and N.C. Seeman, RNA Double Helices at Atomic Resolution.  In:  Handbook of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. II, 3rd edition, ed. by G. Fasman, CRC Press, Cleveland (1976), pp. 463-469.


21. N.C. Seeman, J.M Rosenberg, F.L. Suddath, J.-J.P. Kim and A. Rich, RNA Double Helical Fragments at Atomic Resolution I:  The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Adenylyl-3',5'-uridine Hexahydrate.  Journal of Molecular Biology 104, 109-144 (1976).


22. J.M. Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, RNA Double Helical Fragments at Atomic Resolution II:  The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Guanylyl-3',5'-cytidine Nonahydrate.  Journal of Molecular Biology 104, 145-167 (1976).


23. A. Rich, N.C. Seeman and J.M. Rosenberg, Protein Recognition of Base Pairs in a Double Helix.  In:  Nucleic Acid-Protein Recognition, ed. by H.G. Vogel, Academic Press, New York (1977), pp. 361-374.


24. N.H. Woo, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, The Crystal Structure of Putrescine Diphosphate:  A Model for Amine-Nucleic Acid Interactions.  Biopolymers 18, 539-552 (1979).


25. N.C. Seeman, Single Crystal Crystallography. In:  Stereodynamics of Molecular Systems, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1979), pp. 75-109.


26. N.C. Seeman, Single Crystal Crystallography for Nucleic Acid Structural Studies.  In:  Geometry and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids,ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1980), pp. 47-82.


27. N.C. Seeman, Crystallographic Investigation of Oligonucleotide Structure. In:  Geometry and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1980), pp. 109-142.


28. J.F. Hyde, J.A. Zubieta and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of ((Mo(S-CH2-CH2-S-CH2-CH2-S)2)2Ag)PF6.1/2 DMF, A Thiolate-Bridged Mixed Metal Cluster.  Inorganica Chemica Acta 54, L137-L139 (1981).


29. J.A. DiVerdi, S.J. Opella, R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, 31P NMR of DNA in Eukaryotic Chromosomal Complexes.  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 102, 885-890 (1981).


30. N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Junctions:  Building Blocks for Genetic Engineering in Three Dimensions.  In:  Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York (1981), pp. 269-277.


31. N.C. Seeman and B.H. Robinson, Simulation of Double Stranded Branch Point Migration.  In:  Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York (1981), pp. 279-300.


32. N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Junctions and Lattices.  J. Theor. Biol. 99, 237-247 (1982).


33. R.D. Rosenstein, M. Oberding, J. Hyde, J.A. Zubieta, K.D. Karlin and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of Hypoxanthinium Nitrate Monohydrate:  Intercalation of Water Between Purines.  Crystal Structure Communications 11, 1507-1513 (1982).


34. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Nucleic Acid Junctions, The Tensors of Life?  In:  Nucleic Acids:  The Vectors of Life, ed. by B. Pullman and J. Jortner, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 183-200 (1983).


35. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Design of Immobile Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Biophysical Journal 44, 201-209 (1983).


36. N.R. Kallenbach, R.-I. Ma and N.C. Seeman, An Immobile Nucleic Acid Junction Constructed from Oligonucleotides.  Nature 305, 829-831 (1983).


37. N.R. Kallenbach, R.-I. Ma, A.J. Wand, G.H. Veeneman, J.H. van Boom and N.C. Seeman, Fourth Rank Immobile Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 1, 158-168 (1983).


38. N.C. Seeman, M.F. Maestre, R.-I. Ma and N.R. Kallenbach, Physical Characterization of a Nucleic Acid Junction.  In:  Progress in Clinical and Biological Research, Vol. 172A:  The Molecular Basis of Cancer, ed. by R. Rein, Alan R. Liss Inc., New York (1985), pp. 99-108.


39. N.C. Seeman, The Interactive Manipulation and Design of Macromolecular Architecture Utilizing Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Journal of Molecular Graphics 3, 34-39 (1985).


40. N.C. Seeman, Macromolecular Design, Nucleic Acid Junctions and Crystal Formation.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 3, 11-34 (1985).


41. D.E. Wemmer, A.J. Wand, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, NMR Analysis of DNA Junctions:  Imino Proton NMR Studies of Individual Arms and Intact Junction.  Biochemistry 24, 5745-5749 (1985).


42. N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Stable Branched DNA Structures:  DNA Junctions.  Comments on Cellular and Molecular Biophysics 4, 1-16 (1986).


43. R.D. Sheardy and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of an Oligonucleotide Containing 5-Iodo-Deoxyuridine.  Journal of Organic Chemistry 51, 4301-4303 (1986).


44. R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach, R.D. Sheardy, M.L. Petrillo and N.C. Seeman, 3-Arm Nucleic Acid Junctions Are Flexible.  Nucleic Acids Research 14, 9745-9753 (1986).


45. B.H. Robinson and N.C. Seeman, Simulation of Double Stranded Branch Point Migration.  Biophysical Journal 51, 611-626 (1987).


46. L.A. Marky, N.R. Kallenbach, K.A. McDonough, N.C. Seeman and K.J. Breslauer, The Melting Behavior of a Nucleic Acid Junction:  A Calorimetric and Spectroscopic Study.  Biopolymers 26, 1621-1634 (1987).


47. B.H. Robinson and N.C. Seeman, The Design of a Biochip:  A Self-Assembling Molecular-Scale Memory Device.  Protein Engineering 1, 295-300 (1987).


48. N.C. Seeman, Physical Models for Exploring DNA Topology.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 5, 997-1004 (1988).


49. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Nucleic Acid Junctions:  A Successful Experiment in Macromolecular Design.  In:  Molecular Structure:  Chemical Reactivity and Biological Activity, ed. by J.J. Stezowski J.-L. Huang and M.-C. Shao, Oxford University Press, Oxford, (1988) pp. 189-194.


50. M.E.A. Churchill, T.D. Tullius, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, A Holliday Recombination Intermediate is Twofold Symmetric.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 85, 4653-4656 (1988).


51. M.L. Petrillo, C.J. Newton, R.P. Cunningham, R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman.  The Ligation and Flexibility of 4-Arm DNA Junctions.  Biopolymers,27, 1337-1352  (1988).


52. J.-H. Chen, M.E.A. Churchill, T.D. Tullius, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Construction and Analysis of Mono-Mobile DNA Junctions.  Biochemistry 27, 6032-6038 (1988).


53. J.-H. Chen, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Tracts of A-T Nucleotide Pairs Retard the Electrophoretic Mobility of Short DNA Duplexes.  Nucleic Acids Research 16, 6803-6812 (1988).


54. J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C.  Seeman, T4 Endonuclease VII Cleaves the Crossover Strands of Holliday Junction Analogs.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 85, 9441-9445 (1988).


55. N.C. Seeman, J.-H. Chen and N.R. Kallenbach, Gel Electrophoretic Analysis of DNA Branched Junctions Electrophoresis 10,  345-354 (1989).


56. Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Site-Specific Interaction of Intercalating Drugs with a Branched DNA Molecule.  Biochemistry 28,  2355-2359 (1989).


57. N.C. Seeman, Nanoscale Assembly and Manipulation of Branched DNA:  A Biological Starting Point for Nanotechnology, NANOCON Proceedings, ed. by J. Lewis and J.L. Quel, NANOCON, P.O. Box 40176, Bellevue, WA 98004, pp. 101-123; available at transcript of oral  presentation, pp. 30-36  (1989).


58. J.-H. Chen, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, A Specific Quadrilateral Synthesized from DNA Branched Junctions.  Journal of the American Chemical Society 111, 6402-6407 (1989).


59. M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, DNase I Cleavage of Branched DNA Molecules, Journal of Biological Chemistry 264, 20851-20854 (1989).


60. F. Jensch, H. Kosak, N.C. Seeman and B. Kemper, Cruciform Cutting Endonucleases From S. cerevisiae and Phage T4  Show Conserved Reactions With Branched DNA's, EMBO Journal8, 4325-4334 (1989).


61. N.C. Seeman, J.E. Mueller, J.-H. Chen, M.E.A. Churchill, A. Kimball, T.D. Tullius, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham and N.R. Kallenbach, Immobile Junctions Suggest New Features of the Structural Chemistry of Recombination, In: Structure & Methods:  Human Genome Initiative & DNA Recombination, Vol. 1, R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, eds., Adenine Press, New York, pp. 137-156 (1990).


62. Q. Guo, M. Lu, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA Molecules:  Analysis by Chemical Footprinting of Intercalation into an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 570-578, (1990).


63. M. Lu, Q. Guo, R.F. Pasternack, D.J. Wink. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA:  Selective Interaction of Tetrapyridyl Porphyrins with an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 1614-1624 (1990).


64. A. Kimball, Q. Guo, M. Lu, N.R. Kallenbach, R.P. Cunningham, N.C. Seeman and T.D. Tullius, Conformational Isomers of Holliday Junctions, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 6544-6547 (1990).


65. M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA:  Selective Interaction of the Dye Stains-All with an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 3407-3412 (1990).


66. J.E. Mueller, C.J. Newton, F. Jensch, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Resolution of Holliday Junction Analogs by T4 Endonuclease VII Can Be Directed By Substrate Structure, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 13918-13924 (1990).


67. N.C. Seeman, De Novo Design of Sequences for Nucleic Acid Structure Engineering, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics  8, 573-581 (1990).


68. M. Lu, Q. Guo, J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, F.W. Studier, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Characterization of a Bimobile DNA Junction, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 16778-16785 (1990).


69. J. Chen and N.C. Seeman, The Synthesis from DNA of a Molecule with the Connectivity of a Cube, Nature 350, 631-633 (1991).


70. Y. Wang, J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, and N.C. Seeman, The Assembly and Characterization of 5-Arm and 6-Arm DNA Junctions, Biochemistry 30, 5667-5674 (1991).


71. M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Parallel and Antiparallel Holliday Junctions Differ in Structure and Stability, Journal of Molecular Biology 221, 1419-1432 (1991).


72. J.E. Mueller, S. M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Design and Synthesis of a Knot from Single-Stranded DNA, Journal of the American Chemical Society 113, 6306-6308 (1991).


73. J. Chen and N.C. Seeman, The Electrophoretic Properties of a DNA Cube and its Sub-Structure Catenanes Electrophoresis 12, 607-611 (1991).


74. N.C. Seeman, DNA Structural Engineering Utilizing Immobile Junctions, Current Opinion in Structural Biology 1, 653-661 (1991).


75. N.C. Seeman, The Construction of 3-D Stick Figures from Branched DNA, DNA and Cell Biology 10, 475-486 (1991).


76. N.C. Seeman, The Use of Branched DNA for Nanoscale Fabrication, Nanotechnology 2, 149-159 (1991).


77. M. Lu, Q. Guo, L.A. Marky, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Thermodynamics of DNA Chain Branching, Journal of Molecular Biology 223, 781-789 (1992).


78. Y. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, A Solid-Support Methodology for the Construction of Geometrical Objects from DNA, Journal of the American Chemical Society 114, 2656-2663 (1992).


79. S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Synthesis of a DNA Knot Containing both Positive and Negative Nodes, Journal of the American Chemical Society 114, 9652-9655 (1992).


80. S.M. Du, S. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, DNA Junctions, Antijunctions and Mesojunctions, Biochemistry 31, 10955-10963 (1992).


81. N.C. Seeman, The Design of Single-Stranded Nucleic Acid Knots, Molecular Engineering 2, 297-307 (1992).


82. T.-J. Fu and N.C. Seeman, DNA Double Crossover Structures, Biochemistry 32, 3211-3220 (1993).


83. N.C. Seeman, Nanoengineering with DNA, Biomolecular Materials:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 292, 123-134  (1993).


84. H. Wang, S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, Tight Single-Stranded DNA Knots, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 10, 853-863 (1993).


85. N.C. Seeman, Branched DNA:  A 3-D Structural Design System, Clinical Chemistry  39, 722-724 (1993).


86. N.C. Seeman, J. Chen, S.M. Du, J.E. Mueller, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and S. Zhang, Synthetic DNA Knots and Catenanes, New Journal of Chemistry 17, 739-755 (1993).


87. V.N. Morozov, J. Sherman, N.R. Kallenbach, S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study of the Formation and Chemical Activation of Step Defects on the Basal Plane of Pyrolytic Graphite, Journal of Microscopy 170, pt. 3, 237-245 (1993).


88. S. Zhang, T.-J. Fu and N.C. Seeman, Construction of Symmetric, Immobile DNA Branched Junctions, Biochemistry 32, 8062-8067 (1993).


89. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, DNA Branched Junctions, Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure 23, 53-86 (1994).


90. S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of a Trefoil Knot from a DNA Branched Junction Motif, Biopolymers 34, 31-37 (1994).


91. V.N. Morozov, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, New Methods for Depositing and Imaging Molecules in Scanning-Tunneling Microscopy, Scanning Microscopy International 7, 757-779 (1994).


92. N.C. Seeman, Structural Control and Engineering of Nucleic Acids, In:  Concepts in Protein Engineering and Design, P. Wrede and G. Schneider, eds., Walter-de-Gruyter, Berlin, 319-343 (1994).


93. T-J. Fu, Y.-C. Tse-Dinh, and N.C. Seeman, Holliday Junction Crossover Topology, Journal of  Molecular Biology 236, 91-105 (1994).


94. N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, and J. Chen, DNA Nanoconstructions, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A12, 1895-1903 (1994).


95. T.-J. Fu, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, Endonuclease VII Cleavage of DNA Double Crossover Molecules, Biochemistry 33, 3896-3905 (1994).


96. N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, S. Zhang, Y. Wang and J. Chen, Chemical Synthesis of Nanostructures, Biomolecular Materials by Design:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 330, 45-56 (1994).


97. S. Zhang, and N.C. Seeman, Symmetric Holliday Junction Crossover Isomers, Journal of  Molecular Biology 238, 658-668 (1994).


98. B. Liu, N.B. Leontis and N.C. Seeman, Bulged 3-arm DNA Branched Junctions as Components for Nanoconstruction, Nanobiology 3, 177-188 (1994).


99. N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du, H. Wang, J.E. Mueller, Y.Wang, B. Liu, J. Qi and J. Chen, The Control of DNA Structure and Topology:  An Overview., Molecularly Designed Ultrafine/Nanostructured Materials:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 351 57-66 (1994).


100. Y. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of a DNA Truncated Octahedron, Journal of the American Chemical Society 116, 1661-1669 (1994).


101. S.M. Du, H. Wang, Y.C. Tse-Dinh and N.C. Seeman, Topological Transformations of Synthetic DNA Knots, Biochemistry 34, 673-682 (1995).


102. H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Structural Domains of DNA Mesojunctions, Biochemistry 34, 920-929 (1995).


103. S.M. Du, B.D. Stollar, and N.C. Seeman, A Synthetic DNA Molecule in Three Knotted Topologies, Journal of the American Chemical Society 117, 1194-1200 (1995).


104. D.M.J. Lilley, R.M. Clegg, S. Diekmann, N.C. Seeman, E. von Kitzing and P. Hagerman, A Nomenclature of Junctions and Branchpoints in Nucleic Acids, European Journal of Biochemistry 230, 1-2 (1995); Nucleic Acids Research 23, 3363-3364 (1995); Journal of Molecular Biology 255, 554-555 (1996).


105. N.C. Seeman, Molecular Craftwork with DNA, The Chemical Intelligencer 1(3), 38-47 (1995).


106. N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du and J. Chen, Construction of DNA Polyhedra and Knots Through Symmetry Minimization, In:  Supramolecular Stereochemistry, ed. by J. Siegel, NATO Advanced Research Workshops Series, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 27-32 (1995).


107. E. Flapan and N.C. Seeman, A Topological Rubber Glove Obtained from a Synthetic Single Stranded DNA Molecule, Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 2249-2250 (1995).


108. J.A. Sekiguchi, N.C. Seeman and S. Shuman, Asymmetric Resolution of Holliday Junctions by Eukaryotic DNA Topoisomerase I.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)  93, 785-789 (1996).


109. N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, J. Qi., X.J. Li, X.P. Yang, Y. Wang, H. Qiu, B. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Sun, F. Liu, J.J. Molenda, S.M. Du, J. Chen, J.E. Mueller., Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, and S. Zhang, DNA Nanotechnology and Topology.  In:  Biological Structure and Dynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, vol. 2, pp. 319-341 (1996).


110. J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, The Ligation of Triangles Built from Bulged Three-Arm DNA Branched Junctions, Journal of the American Chemical Society118, 6121-6130 (1996).


111. X. Li, X. Yang, J. Qi, and N.C. Seeman, Antiparallel DNA Double Crossover Molecules as Components for Nanoconstruction, Journal of the American Chemical Society118, 6131-6140 (1996).


112. H. Wang, R.J. Di Gate, and N.C. Seeman, An RNA Topoisomerase, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)93, 9477-9482 (1996).


113. N.C. Seeman, Design and Engineering of Nucleic Acid Nanoscale Assemblies, Current  Opinion in Structural Biology  6, 519-526 (1996). []


114. C. Mao, W. Sun and N.C. Seeman, Assembly of Borromean Rings from DNA, Nature 386, 137-138 (1997).


115. H. Qiu, J.C. Dewan and N.C. Seeman, A DNA Decamer with a Sticky End:  The Crystal Structure of d-CGACGATCGT.  Journal of Molecular Biology 267, 881-898 (1997).


116. X. Li, H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Direct Evidence for Holliday Junction Crossover Isomerization.  Biochemistry 36, 4240-4247 (1997).


117. N.C. Seeman, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, X. Li, X. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Qi, B. Liu and F. Liu, Control of Structure and Topology in DNA Nanotechnology.  In:  Molecular Nanotechnology:  Biological Approaches and Novel Applications, ed. by S.A. Minden, IBC Libraries, Southborough, MA, Chapter 2.2 (31 pages) (1997).


118. N.C. Seeman, DNA Components for Molecular Architecture.  Accounts of Chemical Research 30, 357-363 (1997).


119. N.C. Seeman, J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang, N.B. Leontis, B. Liu, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du and J. Chen, The Control of DNA Structure:  From Topological Modules to Geometrical Modules.  In:  Modular Chemistry, ed. by J. Michl, Kluwer, 95-104 (1997).


120. X. Yang, A. Vologodskii,  B. Liu, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, Torsional Control of Double Stranded DNA Branch Migration.  Biopolymers 45, 69-83 (1998).


121. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  Novel DNA Constructions.  Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure 27, 225-248 (1998).


122. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology, In:   WTEC Workshop Report on  R & D Status and Trends in Nanoparticles, Nanostructured Materials, and Nanodevices in the United States, ed. by R.W. Siegel, E. Hu and M.C. Roco, International Technology Research Institute, Baltimore (1998);


123. A. V. Vologodskii, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, Non-Complementary DNA Helical Structure Induced by Positive Torsional Stress, Nucleic Acids Research 26, 1503-1508 (1998).


124. H. Wang, R.J. Di Gate and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of an RNA Knot and its Role in Demonstrating that E. coli DNA Topoisomerase III is an RNA Topoisomerase.  Structure, Motion, Interaction and Expression of Biological Macromolecules, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, pp. 103-116 (1998).


125. E. Winfree, F. Liu, L. A. Wenzler, and N.C. Seeman,  Design and Self-Assembly of Two-Dimensional DNA Crystals, Nature 394, 539-544 (1998).


126. N.C. Seeman, Directing the Structure of Matter through Nanotechnology, Proceedings of IEEE International Joint Symposia on Intelligence and Systems IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA, 146-150 (1998).


127. W. Sun, C. Mao, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Sequence Dependence of Branch Migratory Minima.  Journal of Molecular Biology282, 59-70 (1998).


128. N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, X. Yang, F. Liu, C. Mao, W. Sun, L. Wenzler, Z. Shen, R. Sha, H. Yan, M.H. Wong, P. Sa-Ardyen, B. Liu, H. Qiu, X. Li, J. Qi, S.M. Du, Y. Zhang, J.E. Mueller, T.-J. Fu, Y. Wang, and J. Chen, New Motifs in DNA Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology 9, 257-273 (1998).


129. N.C. Seeman,  J. Chen,  Y. Zhang, B. Liu,  H. Qiu,  T.-J. Fu,  Y. Wang, X. Li,  X. Yang, J. Qi,  F. Liu, L.A. Wenzler, S, Du,  J.E. Mueller,  H. Wang,  C. Mao, W. Sun, Z. Shen, M.H. Wong, H, Yan and R. Sha, A Bottom-Up Approach to Nanotechnology Using DNA, In:  Biological Molecules in Nanotechnology, ed. by S.C. Lee, IBC Libraries, Southborough, MA, pp. 45-58 (1998).


130. X. Yang, L.A. Wenzler, J. Qi, X. Li and N.C. Seeman, Ligation of DNA Triangles Containing Double Crossover Molecules, Journal of the American Chemical Society 120, 9779-9786 (1998).


131. E. Winfree, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, Universal Computation via Self-assembly of DNA:  Some Theory and Experiments, In: DNA Based Computers II, ed. by L.F. Landweber and E.B. Baum, Am. Math. Soc., Providence, pp. 191-213 (1998).


132. N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, B. Liu, J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang, F. Liu, W. Sun, Z. Shen, Y. Wang, R. Sha, C. Mao, S. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, S. M. Du, J.E. Mueller, Y. Zhang and J. Chen, The Perils of Polynucleotides:  The Experimental Gap Between the Design and Assembly of Unusual DNA Structures, In: DNA Based Computers II, ed. by L.F. Landweber and E.B. Baum, Am. Math. Soc., Providence, pp. 215-233 (1998).


133. N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Nanostructures and Topology.  Angewandte Chemie. 110, 3408-3428 (1998); Angewandte Chemie International Edition 37, 3220-3238 (1998). 


134. C. Mao, W. Sun, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, A DNA Nanomechanical Device Based on the B-Z Transition, Nature 397, 144-146 (1999).


135. F. Liu, R. Sha and N.C. Seeman, Modifying the Surface Features of Two-Dimensional  DNA Crystals, Journal of the American Chemical Society 121, 917-922 (1999). 


136. R. Sha, F. Liu, M.F. Bruist and N.C. Seeman, Parallel Helical Domains in DNA Branched Junctions Containing 5', 5' and 3', 3' Linkages, Biochemistry 38, 2832-2841 (1999).


137. C. Mao, W. Sun and N.C. Seeman, Designed Two-Dimensional DNA Holliday Junction Arrays Visualized by Atomic Force Microscopy, Journal of the American Chemical Society 121, 5437-5443 (1999).


138. N.C. Seeman, Synthetic DNA Topology, Molecular Catenanes, Rotaxanes and Knots, ed. by J.-P. Sauvage and C. Dietrich-Buchecker, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim pp. 323-356 (1999).


139. F. Liu, H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Short Extensions to Sticky Ends for DNA Nanotechnology and DNA-Based Computation, Nanobiology 4, 257-262 (1999).


140. N.C. Seeman, DNA Engineering and its Application to Nanotechnology, Trends in Biotechnology 17, 437-443 (1999).


141. W. Sun, C. Mao, H. Iwasaki, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, No Braiding of Holliday Junctions in Positively Supercoiled DNA Molecules,  Journal of Molecular Biology 294, 683-699 (1999).


142. T. LaBean, H. Yan, J. Kopatsch, F. Liu, E. Winfree, J.H. Reif and N.C. Seeman, The Construction, Analysis, Ligation and Self-Assembly of DNA Triple Crossover Complexes, Journal of the American Chemical Society 122, 1848-1860 (2000).


143. N.C. Seeman, F. Liu, C. Mao, X. Yang, L. A. Wenzler, R. Sha, W. Sun, Z. Shen, X. Li, J. Qi, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, J. Chen and E. Winfree, Two Dimensions and Two States in DNA Nanotechnology, Proceedings of the 11th Conversation in Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, 253-262 (2000).


144. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  From Topological Control to Structural Control, in Pattern Formation in Biology, Vision and Dynamics, ed. by A.Carbone, M.Gromov, P.Pruzinkiewicz, World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore, 271-309 (2000).


145. N.C. Seeman, C. Mao, F. Liu, R. Sha, X. Yang, L. Wenzler, X. Li,  Z. Shen, H. Yan, P. Sa-Ardyen, X. Zhang, W. Shen, J. Birac, P. Lukeman, Y. Pinto, J. Qi, B. Liu, H. Qiu, S.M. Du, H. Wang, W. Sun, Y. Wang, T.-J. Fu, Y. Zhang, J.E. Mueller and J. Chen, Nicks, Nodes, and New Motifs for DNA Nanotechnology, Frontiers of Nano-Optoelectronic Systems, ed. by  L. Pavesi & E. Buzanova, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 177-198 (2000).


146. R. Sha, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Direct Evidence for Spontaneous Branch Migration in Antiparallel DNA Holliday Junctions, Biochemistry 39, 11514-11522 (2000).


147. R. Sha, H. Iwasaki, F. Liu, H. Shinagawa and N.C. Seeman, Cleavage of Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions by Escherichia coli Ruv CBiochemistry 39, 11982-11988 (2000).


148. R. Sha, F. Liu, D.P. Millar and N.C. Seeman, Atomic Force Microscopy of Parallel DNA Branched Junction Arrays, Chemistry & Biology 7, 743-751 (2000).


149. A. Podtelezhnikov, C. Mao, N.C. Seeman & A. Vologodskii, Multimerization-Cyclization of DNA Fragments as a Method of Conformational Analysis, Biophys. J. 79, 2692-2704 (2000).


150. C. Mao, T. LaBean, J.H. Reif and N.C. Seeman, Logical Computation Using Algorithmic Self-Assembly of DNA Triple Crossover Molecules,  Nature 407, 493-496 (2000); Erratum:  Nature 408, 750-750 (2000).


151. N.C. Seeman, In the Nick of Space:  Generalized Nucleic Acid Complementarity and the Development of DNA Nanotechnology, Synlett  2000, 1536-1548 (2000).


152. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nicks and Nodes and Nanotechnology, NanoLetters 1, 22-26 (2001).


153. J.H. Reif, T.H. LaBean & N.C. Seeman, Challenges and Applications for Self-Assembled DNA Nanostructures, Sixth International Workshop on DNA-Based Computers, DNA 2000, Leiden, The Netherlands, (June, 2000) ed. A. Condon, G. Rozenberg. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2054, 173-198, (2001). 


154. H. Yan and N.C. Seeman, Edge-Sharing Motifs in Structural DNA Nanotechnology.  Journal of Supramolecular Chemistry 1, 229-237 (2001).


155. H. Yan, X. Zhang, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, A Robust DNA Mechanical Device Controlled by Hybridization Topology, Nature415, 62-65 (2002).


156. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  Life's Central Performer in a New Role, Biological Physics Newsletter 2 (1) 2-6 (2002).


157. N.C. Seeman, It Started with Watson and Crick, But it Sure Didn't End There:  Pitfalls and Possibilities beyond the Classic Double Helix, Natural Computing 1, 53-84 (2002).


158. N.C. Seeman & A.M. Belcher, Emulating Biology:  Nanotechnology from the Bottom Up, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 99 (supp. 2), 6451-6455 (2002).


159. R. Sha, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Atomic Force Measurement of the Interdomain Angle in Symmetric Holliday Junctions, Biochemistry 41, 5950-5955 (2002).


160. N.C. Seeman, Key Experimental Approaches in DNA Nanotechnology, Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Unit 12.1, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2002).


161. R. Sha, F. Liu, H. Iwasaki and N.C. Seeman, Parallel Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions as Substrates for E. coli RuvC Holliday Junction Resolvase.  Biochemistry 41, 10985-10993 (2002).


162. A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Circuits and Programmable Self-Assembling DNA Structures, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 9912577-12582 (2002).


163. X. Zhang, H. Yan, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, Paranemic Cohesion of Topologically-Closed DNA Molecules, J Am. Chem. Soc.124, 12940-12941 (2002).


164. S. Xiao, F. Liu, A. Rosen, J.F. Hainfeld, N.C. Seeman, K.M. Musier-Forsyth & R.A. Kiehl, Self-Assembly of Nanoparticle Arrays by DNA Scaffolding, J. Nanoparticle Research 4, 313-317 (2002).


165. A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Fractal Designs Based on DNA Parallelogram Structures, Natural Computing 1, 469-480 (2002).


166. L. Zhu, O. dos Santos, N.C. Seeman and J.W. Canary, Reaction of N3-Benzoyl-3', 5'-O-(di-tert-butylsilanediyl)uridine with Hindered Electrophiles:  Intermolecular N3 to 2'-O Protecting Group Transfer, Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids 21, 723-735 (2002)..


167. N.C. Seeman, DNA in a Material World, Nature 421, 427-431 (2003).


168. N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  A New Organizing Principle for Advanced Nanomaterials, Materials Today (7), 24-29  (2003).


169. P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembling DNA Graphs, DNA-Based Computers VIII, LNCS 2568, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1-9 (2003). 


170. P. Sa-Ardyen, A.V. Vologodskii and N.C. Seeman, The Flexibility of DNA Double Crossover Molecules.  Biophysical Journal 84, 3829-3837 (2003).


171. N. Jonoska, P. Sa-Ardyen and N.C. Seeman, Computation by Self-Assembly of DNA Graphs, Journal of Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 4, 123-137 (2003). 


172. N.C. Seeman, Biochemistry and Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  An Evolving Symbiotic Relationship, Biochemistry 42, 7259-7269 (2003).


173. L. Zhu, P.S. Lukeman, J. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Nylon/DNA:  Single-Stranded DNA with Covalently Stitched Nylon Lining, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 10178-10179 (2003). 


174. A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Coding and Geometrical Shapes in Nanostructures: a Fractal DNA-Assembly, Natural Computing 2, 133-151 (2003). 


175. N.C. Seeman, DNA:  Beyond the Double Helix, Macromolecular Symposia 201, 237-244 (2003). 


176. N.C. Seeman, At the Crossroads of Chemistry, Biology and Materials:  Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Chemistry & Biology10, 1151-1159 (2003). 


177. P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembling DNA Graphs, Natural Computing2, 427-438 (2003).


  178. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanostructures for Mechanics and Computing:  Nonlinear Thinking With Life's Central Molecule.  NanoBiotechnology.  Editors, Chad Mirkin and Christof Niemeyer, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., Weinheim, Chapter 20, pp 308-318 (2004). 


179. Z. Shen, H. Yan, T. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Paranemic Crossover DNA:  A Generalized Holliday Structure with Applications in Nanotechnology J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 1666-1674 (2004). 


  180. N. Jonoska, S. Liao, & N.C. Seeman, Transducers with programmable input by DNA Self-assembly, Aspects of Molecular ComputingLecture Notes in Computer Science 2340, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 219-240 (2004). 


181. A. Carbone & N.C. Seeman, Molecular Tiling and DNA Self-Assembly, Aspects of Molecular ComputingLecture Notes in Computer Science 2340, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 61-83 (2004).


182. S. Liao, C. Mao, J.J. Birktoft, S. Shuman and N.C. Seeman, Resolution of Undistorted Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions by Vaccinia Topoisomerase I, Biochemistry 43, 1520-31 (2004). 


183. N.C. Seeman.  Nanotechnology and the Double Helix, Scientific American.290, (6) 64-75 (2004). 


184. P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of Graphs Whose Edges are DNA Helix Axes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 6648-6657 (2004). 


185. W.B. Sherman and N.C. Seeman, A Precisely Controlled DNA Bipedal Walking Device, NanoLetters 4, 1203-1207 (2004); Erratum, 4, 1801-1801. 


186. P.S. Lukeman, A. Mittal, & N.C. Seeman, Two Dimensional PNA/DNA Arrays:  Estimating the Helicity of Unusual Nucleic Acid Polymers, Chemical Communications 2004, 1694-1695 (2004).


187. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology, Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry, Marcel Dekker, New York, 475-483 (2004). 


188. A. Carbone, C. Mao, P. Constantinou, B. Ding, J. Kopatsch, W. B. Sherman and N.C. Seeman, 3D Fractal DNA Assembly from Coding, Geometry and Protection, Natural Computing 3, 235-252 (2004). 


189. B. Ding, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Pseudohexagonal 2D DNA Crystals from Double Crossover Cohesion, J. Am. Chem. Soc.126, 10230-10231 (2004). 


190. P. Paukstelis, J. Nowakowski, J.J. Birktoft and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of a Continuous Three-Dimensional DNA Lattice, Chemistry and Biology 11, 1119-1126 (2004). 


191. W. Shen, M. Bruist, S. Goodman & N.C. Seeman, A Nanomechanical Device for Measuring the Excess Binding Energy of Proteins that Distort DNA, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed43, 4750-4752 (2004); Angew.Chem. 116, 4854-4856 (2004). 


192. S. Liao and N.C. Seeman, Translation of DNA Signals into Polymer Assembly Instructions, Science 306, 2072-2074 (2004). 


193. J. D. Le, Y. Pinto, N.C. Seeman, K. Musier-Forsyth, T. A. Taton and R.A. Kiehl, Self-Assembly of Nanoelectronic Component Arrays by In Situ Hybridization to 2D DNA Scaffolding, NanoLetters 4, 2343-2347 (2004).


194. G. Serrano & N.C. Seeman, Nanotecnologia basada en ADN, Revista de Química 19, 11-20 (2004), in Spanish.


195. N.C. Seeman and P.S. Lukeman, Nucleic Acid Nanostructures, Reports on Progress in Physics 68, 237-270 (2005). 


196. N.C. Seeman, B. Ding , S. Liao , T. Wang, W.B. Sherman, P.E. Constantinou, J. Kopatsch, C. Mao, R. Sha, F. Liu, H. Yan & P.S. Lukeman, Experiments in Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Arrays and Devices , Proc. SPIE; Nanofabrication:  Technologies, Devices and Applications 5592, 71-81 (2005). 


197. N.C. Seeman, From Genes to Machines:  DNA Nanomechanical Devices, Trends in Biochemical Sciences 30, 119-125 (2005).


198. N.C. Seeman.  Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  An Overview. Methods in Molecular Biology 303: Bionanotechnology Protocols, Editors, Sandra J. Rosenthal and David W. Wright, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 143-166 (2005). 


199. F. Mathieu, S. Liao, C. Mao, J. Kopatsch, T. Wang, and N.C. Seeman, Six-Helix Bundles Designed from DNA, NanoLetters 5, 661-665 (2005). 


200. R. Sha, X. Zhang, S. Liao, P.E. Constantinou, B. Ding, T. Wang, A.V. Garibotti, H. Zhong, L.B. Israel, X. Wang,, G. Wu, B. Chakraborty, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, C. Mao, H. Yan, J. Kopatsch, J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, N.C. Seeman., Motifs and Methods in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Proc. Intl. Conf. Nanomaterials, NANO 2005, July 13-15, 2005, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Srivakasi, India, V. Rajendran, ed., pp. 3-10 (2005). 


201. M. Endo, N.C. Seeman and T. Majima, DNA Tube Structures Controlled by a Four-Way-Branched DNA Connector, Angew. Chemie, Int. Ed. 44 6074-6077 (2005). 


202. R. Sha, X. Zhang, S.Liao, P.E. Constantinou, B. Ding, T. Wang, A.V. Garibotti, H. Zhong, L.B. Israel, X. Wang, G. Wu, B. Chakraborty, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Yan, Z. Shen, W. Shen, P. Sa-Ardyen, J. Kopatsch, J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, C. Mao, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Molecular Construction and Computation,  Unconventional Computation: Proceedings of UC 2005, 4th International Conference, Sevilla Spain, Oct 2005.  Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3699, C.S; Calude, M.J. Dinneen, G. Paun, M.J. Perez-Jimenez, G. Rozenberg, eds., 20-31 (2005). 


203. N.C. Seeman, The Challenge of Structural Control on the Nanoscale: Bottom-Up Self-Assembly of Nucleic Acids in 3D, Int. J. Nanotech. 2, 348-370 (2005). 


204. M. Cavaliere, N. Jonoska, S. Yogev, R. Piran, E. Keinan and N.C. Seeman, Biomolecular Implemention of Computing Devices with Unbounded Memories, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (G. Ferretti, C., Mauri, G., Zandron, C., eds.), Springer,  3384, 35-49 (2005). 


205. C. Mao, P.E. Constantinou, F. Liu, Y. Pinto, J. Kopatsch, P.S. Lukeman, T. Wang, W.B. Sherman, B. Ding, H. Yan, J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, H.Zhong, L. Foley, L.A. Wenzler, R. Sweet, M. Becker and N.C. Seeman, The Design of Self-Assembled 3D DNA Networks, Proc. Intl. Symp. on Nanoscale Devices, Materials, and Biological Systems, 206th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, PV 2004-XX, Editors:  M. Cahay, M. Urquidi-Macdonald, S.Bandyopadhyay, P. Guo, H. Hasegawa, N. Koshida, J.P. Leburton, D.J., Lockwood, S. Seal,  and A. Stella., vol. 13, 509-520 (2005).


206. Y.Y. Pinto, J.D. Le, N.C. Seeman, K. Musier-Forsyth, T.A. Taton & R. A. Kiehl, Sequence-Encoded Self-Assembly of Multiple-Nanocomponent Arrays by 2D DNA Scaffolding, NanoLetters 5, 2399-2402 (2005). 


207. N.C. Seeman, DNA Enables Nanoscale Control of the Structure of Matter, Quart. Rev. Biophys. 38, 363-371 (2005).


208. Baryshnikov, Y., Coffman, E., Seeman, N.C. and Yimwadsana, T., Self-Correcting Self-Assembly:  Growth Models and the Hammersley Process, DNA-11Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3892, A. Carbone & N.A. Pierce, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1-11 (2006). 


209. W.B. Sherman & N.C. Seeman, Design of Low-Stress Nucleic Acid Nanotubes, Biophys. J.90, 4546-4557 (2006).


210. J. Zheng, P.E. Constantinou, C. Micheel, A.P. Alivisatos, R.A. Kiehl & N.C. Seeman, 2D Nanoparticle Arrays Show the Organizational Power of Robust DNA Motifs, NanoLetters 6, 1502-1504 (2006). 


211. A.V. Garibotti, S.M. Knudsen, A.D. Ellington & N.C. Seeman, Functional DNAzymes Organized into 2D Arrays, NanoLetters 6, 1505-1507 (2006). 


212. P.E. Constantinou, T. Wang, J. Kopatsch, L.B. Israel, X. Zhang, B. Ding, W.B. Sherman, X. Wang, J. Zheng, R. Sha, N. C. Seeman, Double Cohesion in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 4, 3414-3419 (2006). 


213. J.J. Birac, W.B. Sherman, J. Kopatsch, P.E. Constantinou and N.C. Seeman, GIDEONA Program for Design in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, J. Mol. Graphics & Modeling 25, 470-480 (2006). 


214. G. Wu & N.C. Seeman, A Method of Multiplying with DNA, Natural Computing 5, 427-441, (2006). 


215. B. Ding & N.C. Seeman, Operation of a DNA Robot Arm Inserted Into a 2D DNA Crystalline Substrate, Science 314, 1583-1585 (2006).


216. H. Zhong & N.C. Seeman, RNA Used to Control a DNA Rotary Machine, NanoLetters 6, 2899-2903 (2006).


217. A.V. Garibotti, S. Liao & N.C. Seeman, A Simple DNA-Based Translation System, NanoLetters 7, 480-483 (2007). 


218. A. Kuzuya, R. Wang, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Six-Helix and Eight-Helix DNA Nanotubes Assembled from Half-Tubes, NanoLetters 7, 1757-1763 (2007).


219. X. Wang & N.C. Seeman, The Assembly and Characterization of 8-Arm and 12-Arm DNA Branched Junctions, J. Am. Chem. Soc.129, 8169-8176 (2007).


220. N.C. Seeman, An Overview of Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Mol. Biotech. 37, 246-257 (2007).


221. C. Lin, X. Wang, Y. Liu, N.C. Seeman & H. Yan, Rolling Circle Enzymatic Replication of a Complex Multi-Crossover DNA Nanostructure, J. Am. Chem. Soc.129, 14475-14481 (2007).


222. N.C. Seeman, Nanotechnology and the Double Helix, Scientific American Reports, 30-39, September issue (2007). 


223. W. Liu, X. Wang, T. Wang, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A PX DNA Triangle Oligomerized Using a Novel Three-Domain Motif, NanoLett 8, 317-322 (2008). 


224. P.S. Lukeman, M. Stevenson & N.C. Seeman, Morphology Change of Calcium Carbonate in the Presence of Polynucleotides, Cryst. Growth & Design 8, 1200-1202 (2008).


225. N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanoarchitectures, DNA Nanotechnology, DNA Nanotubes, DNA Self-Assembly,  Nucleic Acids from A to Z, Sabine Müller, Ed., Wiley VCH Weinheim,  (2008), pp 79-80; 81-82; 82-82; 86-86. 


226. Y. Liu, R. Wang, L. Ding, R. Sha, P.S. Lukeman, J. W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Thermodynamic Analysis of Nylon Nucleic Acids, ChemBioChem 9, 1641-1648 (2008). 


227. J. Lin, N.C. Seeman & N. Vaidehi, Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Insertion of Chemically Modified DNA Nanostructures into a Water-Chloroform Interface, Biophys. J. 95, 1099-1107 (2008). 


228. Y. Liu, R. Sha, R. Wang, L. Ding , J.W. Canary, & N.C. Seeman, 2',2'-Ligation Demonstrates the Thermal Dependence of DNA-Directed Positional Control, Tetrahedron 64, 9417-8422 (2008). 


229. Y. Liu, A. Kuzuya, R. Sha, J. Guillaume, R. Wang, J.W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Coupling Across a DNA Helical Turn Yields a Hybrid DNA/Organic Catenane Doubly Tailed with Functional Termini, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 10882-10883 (2008). 


230. J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, C. Micheel, A. P. Alivisatos, P.E. Constantinou & N.C. Seeman, Metallic Nanoparticles Used to Estimate the Structural Integrity of DNA Motifs, Biophysical Journal 95, 3340-3348 (2008).


231. B. Chakraborty, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A DNA-Based Nanomechanical Device with Three Robust States, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 105, 17245-17249 (2008). 


232. C. Lin, S. Rinker, X. Wang, Y. Liu, N. C. Seeman & H. Yan, In Vivo Cloning of Artificial DNA Nanostructures, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 105, 17626-17631 (2008). 


233. H. Gu, J. Chao, S.J. Xiao & N.C. Seeman, Dynamic Patterning Programmed by DNA Tiles Captured on a DNA Origami Substrate, Nature Nanotech. 4, 245-249, DOI 10.1038/NNANO.2009.5 (2009).


234. R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, R. Sha, A.V. Tkachenko,  N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine & P.M. Chaikin, A simple quantitative model for the reversible association of DNA coated colloids, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, Article  048301 (2009). 


235. N. Jonoska, N.C. Seeman & G. Wu, On the Existence of Reporter Strands in DNA-Based Graph Structures,  Theor. Computer Sci. 410, 1448-1460 (2009). 


236. M. Leunissen, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, T. Wang, N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine, & P.M. Chaikin, Towards Self-Replicating Materials of DNA-Functionalized Colloids, Soft Matter 5, 2422-2430, DOI: 10.1039/b817679e (2009). 


237. T. Omabegho, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A  Bipedal DNA Brownian Motor with Coordinated Legs, Science  324, 67-71 (2009). 


238. N.C. Seeman, Synthetic Single-Stranded DNA Topology, Applications of Knot Theory, D. Buck & E. Flapan, Eds, Am. Math. Soc. Proc. Symp. Applied. Math. 66 121-153 (2009). 


239. M.E. Leunissen, R.Dreyfus, F.C. Cheong, D.G. Grier, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Switchable Self-Protected Attractions in DNA-Functionalized Colloids, Nature Materials, 8, 590-595 (2009). 


240. C. Liu, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Reciprocal DNA Nanomechanical Devices Controlled by the Same Set Strands, NanoLetters 9, 2641-2647 (2009). 


241. C.H. Spink, L. Ding, Q. Yang, R.D. Sheardy & N.C. Seeman, Thermodynamics of Forming a Parallel Holliday Crossover, Biophys. J. 97, 528-538 (2009). 


242. R. Wang, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Prototyping Nanorod Control:  A DNA Double Helix Sheathed within a DNA 6-Helix Bundle, Chem. &. Biol. 16, 862-867 (2009).


243. J. Zheng, J.J. Birktoft, Y. Chen, T. Wang, R. Sha, P.E. Constantinou, S.L. Ginell, C. Mao, & N.C. Seeman, From Molecular to Macroscopic via the Rational Design of a Self-Assembled 3D DNA Crystal, Nature 461, 74-77 (2009). 


244. N.C. Seeman, The Perils of Polynucleotides Revisited, in Algorithmic Processes, A. Condon, D. Harel, J.N. Kok, A. Salomaa and E. Winfree, eds., Springer, pp. 205-214 (2009).


245. G. Wu, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Construction of a DNA Nano-Object Directly Demonstrates Computation, Biosystems 98, 80-84 (2009) DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2009.07.004. 


246. M.E. Leunissen, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P. M Chaikin, A quantitative study of the association thermodynamics and kinetics of DNA-coated particles for different functionalization schemes, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 1903-1913 (2010).


247. E. Dolzhenko, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Transducer-Generated Arrays of Robotic Nano-Arms, Natural Computing 9, 437-455 (2010). 


249. H. Gu, W. Yang & N.C. Seeman, A DNA Scissors Device Used to Measure MutS Binding to DNA Mis-Pairs, J. Am. Chem. Soc.132, 4352-4357 (2010).


250. H. Gu, J. Chao, S.J. Xiao & N.C. Seeman, A Proximity-Based Programmable DNA Nanoscale Assembly Line, Nature 465, 202-205 (2010).


251. N.C. Seeman, Frontiers of science award lecture sponsored by Cosmetics and Toiletries, DNA:  Not Merely the Secret of Life, J. Cosmetic Science 61, 62-63 (2010).


252. R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, R. Sha, A. Tkachenko, N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine, P.M. Chaikin, Aggregation-disaggregation transition of DNA-coated colloids:  Experiments and theory, Phys. Rev. E. 81, 041404 (2010). 


255. N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Growing Along with NanoLettersNanoLetters 10, 1971-1978 (2010).


253. N.C. Seeman, Nanomaterials Based on DNA, Ann. Rev. Biochem. 79, 65-87 (2010).


254. M.I. Lvovska, N.C. Seeman, R. Sha, T.R. Globus, T.B. Khromova & T.S. Dorofeeva, THz Characterization of DNA Four-Way Junctions and its Components, IEEE Trans. Nanotech. 9, 610-617 (2010). 


256. X. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, Double-Stranded DNA Homology Produces a Physical Signature, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 107, 12547-12552 (2010).


257. R. Wang, A. Kuzuya, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Blunt-Ended DNA Stacking Interactions in a 3-Helix Motif, Chem. Comm. 46, 4905 - 4907 (2010). 


258. T. Wang, R. Sha, J.J. Birktoft, J. Zheng, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, A DNA Crystal Designed to Contain Two Molecules per Asymmetric Unit, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 15471-15473 (2010).


259. W. Liu, H. Zhong, R. Wang & N.C. Seeman, Crystalline Two-Dimensional DNA Origami Arrays, Angew. Chemie 50, 264-267 (2011). 


260. H.K.K. Subramanian, B. Chakraborty, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, The Label-Free Unambiguous Detection and Symbolic Display of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on DNA Origami, NanoLett. 11, 910-913 (2011).


261. T. Ciengshin, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Automatic Molecular Weaving Prototyped Using Single-Stranded DNA, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 50, 4419-4422 (2011).


262. Q. Xu, L. Feng., R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Subdiffusion of a Sticky Particle on a Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 228102 (2011). 


263. A. Lehmuskero, N. Hakulinen, H. Lajunen, B. Bai, L. Huang, J. Turunen, J. Zheng, R. Sha, P. Vahimaa & N. C. Seeman, Linear Birefringence Magnitude of Artificial DNA Crystals, Optical Materials Express 1, 936-942 (2011).


264. T. Wang, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, C. Maass, D. Pine, P.M. Chaikin & N.C. Seeman, Self-Replication of Information-Bearing Nanoscale Patterns, Nature478, 225-228 (2011). 


265. B. Chakraborty, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, A Programmable Transducer Self-Assembled from DNA, Chem. Sci. 3, 168-176 (2012). 


266. N.A. Baas & N. C. Seeman, On the Chemical Synthesis of New Topological Structures, J. Math. Chem. 50, 220-232 (2012). 


267. C. Liu, E. Kim, B. Demple & N.C. Seeman, A DNA-Based Nanomechanical Device Used to Characterize the Distortion of DNA by Apo-SoxR Protein, Biochem. 51, 937-943 (2012). 


268. T. Wang, D. Schiffels, S. M. Cuesta, D. K. Fygenson & N. C. Seeman, Design and Characterization of 1D Nanotubes and 2D Periodic Arrays Self-Assembled From DNA Multi-Helix Bundles, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 1606-1616 (2012).


269. J.E. Padilla, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Hierarchical Self Assembly of Patterns from the Robinson Tilings:  DNA Tile Design in an Enhanced Tile Assembly Model, Natural Computing 11, 323-338 (2012). 


270. N. Nguyen,  J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, T. Wang, J. Zheng, P.E. Constantinou, S.L. Ginell, Y. Chen, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, The Absence of Tertiary Interactions in a Self-Assembled DNA Crystal Structure, J. Mol. Recognition 25, 234-237 (2012).


271. N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Computing by Molecular Self-Assembly, Interface Focus 2, 504-511 (2012).


272. Y. Liu, R. Wang, L. Ding, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & J.W. Canary,   Templated Synthesis of Nylon Nucleic Acids and Characterization by Nuclease Digestion, Chem. Sci.3, 1930-1937 (2012).


273. N.C. Seeman, J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, H. Gu, T. Wang, J. Zheng, J. Chao, P. Constantinou, B. Ding & C. Mao, DNA Crystals, Constructs and Devices, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology, 3rd Edition, ed. by W.A Goddard, III, D.W. Brenner, S.E. Lyshevski & G.J. Iafrate, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 1037-1049 (2012).


274. K.-T. Wu, L. Feng, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, A.Y. Grosberg, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Polygamous Particles, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 109, 18731-18736 (2012).


275. L. Feng, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman and P.M. Chaikin, Topological Interaction by Entangled DNA Loops, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 188301 (2012).


276. M. Ye, J. Guillaume, Y. Liu, R. Sha, R. Wang, N.C. Seeman & J.W. Canary, Site-Specific Inter-Strand Cross-Links of DNA Duplexes, Chem. Sci. 4, 1319-1329 (2013).


277. R. Sha, J.J. Birktoft, N. Nguyen, A.R. Chandrasekaran, J. Zheng, X. Zhao, C. Mao, N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembled DNA Crystals:  The Impact on Resolution of 5'-Phosphates and the DNA Source, NanoLett. 13, 793-797 (2013).


278. M.J. Gait, M. Komiyama, N.C. Seeman, O. Seitz, J. Micklefield, D.R. Liu, Nucleic Acids:  New Life, New Materials, Org. Biomol. Chem. 11, 2058-2959 (2013), DOI: 10.1039/C3OB90017G. 


279. J.E. Padilla, M.J. Patitz, R. Pena, R.T. Schweller, N.C. Seeman, R. Sheline, S.M. Summers, & X. Zhong, Asynchronous Signal Passing for Tile Self-Assembly: Fuel Efficient Computation and Efficient Assembly of Shape, Unconventional Computing and Natural Computation; Lecture Notes in Computer Science 7956, 174-185 (2013). 


280. L. Feng, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman, P.M. Chaikin, DNA Patchy Particles, Adv. Materials 20, 2779-2783 (2013). 


281. K.-T. Wu, L. Feng, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, A.Y. Grosberg, N.C. Seeman, P.M. Chaikin, Kinetics of DNA-Coated Sticky Particles, Phys. Rev. E.88 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.022304 (2013). 


282. L. Feng, J. Romulus, M. Li, R. Sha, J. Royer, K.-T. Wu, Q. Xu., N.C. Seeman, M. Weck, P.M. Chaikin, Cinnamate-Based DNA Photolithography, Nature Materials 12, 747-753 (2013). 


283. N.C. Seeman, Another Important 60th Anniversary, Advances in Polymer Science 261, Hierarchical Polymer Structures: 60 Years after the Staudinger Nobel Prize, V. Percec ed., Springer, 217-228 (2013). 


284. N.C. Seeman, Art as a Stimulus for DNA Nanotechnology, Leonardo 47 (2), 143-149 (2014).


285. N.C. Seeman, Preface to Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, by Jørgen Kjems, Elena Ferapontova and Kurt V. Gothelf, Springer, Heidelberg, v-vii (2014).


286. D.A. Rusling, A.R. Chandrasekaran, Y. Ohayon, T.Brown, K.R. Fox, R. Sha, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, Functionalizing Designer DNA Crystals with a Triple-Helical Veneer, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 53, 4060-4063 (2014), DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309914.


287. A. Udomprasert, M.N. Bongiovanni, R. Sha, W.B. Sherman, T. Wang, P.S. Arora, J.W. Canary, S.L. Gras & N.C. Seeman, Amyloid Fibrils Nucleated and Organized by DNA Origami Constructions, Nature Nanotech. 9, 537-541 (2014), doi: 10.1038/nnano.2014.102. 


288. N.C. Seeman, C. Mao & H. Yan, Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Accts. of Chem. Res. 47, 1643-1644 (2014).


289. N.C. Seeman, The Crystallographic Roots of DNA Nanotechnology, ACA Reflexions, Summer, No. 2, 19-23. (2014).


290. J.E. Padilla, M.J. Patitz, R. Pena, R.T. Schweller, N.C. Seeman, R. Sheline, S.M. Summers, & X. Zhong, Asynchronous Signal Passing for Tile Self-Assembly: Fuel Efficient Computation and Efficient Assembly of Shapes, Int. J. Founds. of Comp. Sci. 25, 459-488 (2014). 


291. D.D. Li, X.J. Wang, F. Shi, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman, J.W. Canary, Templated DNA Ligation with Thiol Chemistry, Org. & Biomol. Chem. 12, 8823-8827 (2014).


292. N A. Baas, N.C. Seeman, A. Stacey, Synthesizing Topological Links, J. Math. Chem.53, 183-199 (2015) DOI 10.1007/s10910-014-0420-3.


293. M.B. Jones, N.C. Seeman and C.A. Mirkin, Programmable Materials and the Nature of the DNA Bond, Science 347, 840-840, DOI: 10.1126/Science 1260901 (2015).


294. J.E. Padilla, R. Sha, M. Kristiansen, J. Chen, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, A Signal-Passing DNA Strand Mechanism for an Active Self-Assembly of DNA Nanostructures, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed.54, 5939-5942 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201500252, (2015).


295. N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Molecular Ping-Pong Game of Life on a 2D Origami Array, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. A:  Math., Phys. & Eng. Sci. 373 (2046), Art. # 201402014, DOI:  10.1098/rsta.2014.0215 (2015).


296. J. Zhao, A.R. Chandrasekaran, Q. Li, X. Li, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & C. Mao, Post-Assembly Stabilization of Rationally Designed DNA Crystals, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 54 9936-9939 (2015).


297. D. Niu, R. Sha, H. Jiang, J.W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, The Unusual and Dynamic Character of PX-DNA, Nucl. Acids Res. 43, 7201-7206 (2015).


298. N.C. Seeman, R. Sha, J. J. Birktoft, J. Zheng, W. Liu, T. Wang and C. Mao, Designed 3D DNA Crystals, 3D DNA Nanostructure - Methods and Protocols, Y. Ke and P. Wang, eds., Springer, Heidelberg, accepted for publication (2015).


299. Y. Ohayon, R. Sha, O. Flint, B. Chakraborty, H.K. Subramanian, J. Zheng, A.R. Chandrasekaran, H.O. Abdallah, T. Wang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, N.C. Seeman, Covalent Linkage of One-Dimensional DNA Arrays Bonded by Paranemic Cohesion, ACS Nano 9, 10296-10303 (2015).



300. Y. Ohayon, R. Sha, O. Flint, A.R. Chandrasekaran, H.O. Abdallah, T. Wang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, N.C. Seeman, Topological Linkage of DNA Tiles Bonded by Paranemic Cohesion, ACS Nano 9, 10304-10312 (2015).








Citations:  >22,000; H-number = 71.



Books Written:


1. N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, Nov. 30, 2015, ISBN-10:  0521764483; ISBN-13 978-0521764483, 180 pages.



Books Edited:


1. N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, DNA Computing, 7th International Workshop on DNA-Based Computers, DNA 2001, Tampa, Florida, June 2001, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2340,  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-43775, 392 pages (2002).


Journal Issues Edited:


1. N.C. Seeman, C. Mao & H. Yan, Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Accts. of Chem. Res. 47(6), July 17, 2014.




Approximately 300 abstracts of oral presentations or posters at scientific meetings. 




1. N.C. Seeman and Y. Zhang, Solid-Support Methodology for the Synthesis of Multiply-Connected Nucleic Acid Stick Figures.  U.S. Patent #5,278,051, Issued January 11, 1994.


2. N.C. Seeman, J. Chen and N.R. Kallenbach, Multiply-Connected, Three Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures.  U.S. Patent #5,386,020, Issued January 31, 1995.


3. N.C. Seeman and Y. Zhang, Construction of Geometrical Objects from Polynucleotides,  U.S. Patent #5,468,851, Issued November 21, 1995.


4. N.C. Seeman, X. Li, X. Yang and J. Qi, Nanoconstructions of Geometrical Objects and Lattices from Antiparallel Nucleic Acid Double Crossover Molecules, U.S. Patent #6,072,044, Issued June 06, 2000.


5. N.C. Seeman, E. Winfree, F. Liu and L. Wenzler Savin, Periodic Two- and Three-Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures, U.S. Patent #6,255,469, Issued July 03, 2001. 


6. W.B. Sherman & N.C. Seeman, A Nucleic Acid-Based Nanorobotic System, U.S. Patent #7,163,794, Issued January 16, 2007. 


7. L. Zhu, J. Canary, P. Lukeman & N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid-Nylon Ladder Polymers, #7,479,548, Issued January 20, 2009. 


8. N.C. Seeman, B. Ding, P.E. Constantinou, T. Wang, J. Kopatsch, X. Zhang, R. Sha & L.B Israel, Polygonal Nanostructures of Polynucleic Acid Multi-Crossover Molecules and Assembly of Lattices Based on Double Crossover Cohesion, #7,598, 363 B2, Issued, October 06, 2009.


9. N.C. Seeman, H. Yan, X. Zhang, & Z. Shen, A Polynucleic Acid Nanomechanical Device Controlled by Hybridization Topology, #7,612,184, Issued, November 03, 2009.


10. N.C. Seeman, Jiwen Zheng, Pamela E. Constantinou, Multidimensional organization of heteromolecules by robust DNA motifs, #7,622,567, Issued, November 24, 2009. 


11. J.W. Canary, N.C. Seeman, L. Zhu, P.S. Lukeman, Ladder Copolymers, #7,943,751, Issued, May 17, 2011.


12. N.C. Seeman, S. Liao, H. Zhong & J,W. Canary,  A Polynucleotide Nanomechanical Device that Acts as an Artificial Ribosome and Translates DNA Signals into Polymer Assembly Instructions, #8,841,428, Issued, September 23, 2014.




Movies--Written, Produced and Directed:


1. N.C. Seeman and J.L. Sussman, UpA:  A Small Piece of RNA.  13 minute black and white computer graphics movie (1972).


2. N.C. Seeman, J.M. Rosenberg and P. Meyfarth, Deep Groove:  The Double Helix at Atomic Resolution.  11 minute color computer graphics movie (1973).



Letters to the Editor:


1. N.C. Seeman, J.L. Sussman, H.M. Berman and S.-H. Kim, Solution of UpA Structure, Science 177, 294-294 (1972).


2. N.C. Seeman, C. Mao and W. Sun, DNA Borromean Rings, The Mathematical Intelligencer 20 (3), 1-1 (1998).


3. N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembly and Positional Control,  The Sciences 40(6), 3-3 (2000).


Web Commentaries:


1. N.C. Seeman, "How far are we from realizing practical benefits from nanotechnology?", (Sept. 30, 1996).


2. N.C. Seeman, "Biology's role in developing nanotechnology. ", 04, 1999).


3. N.C. Seeman, DNA as a Material for Nanotechnology, EurekaAlert!. (June 08, 2002).


4. N.C. Seeman, The Skeptical Chymist, Reactions, (May 11, 2007).



Internal Publications:


1. E.L. McGandy & N.C. Seeman, DIFN4:  A Fortran Program to Generate Diffractometer Settings for the IBM 1130 Computer, Department of Crystallography, University of Pittsburgh (1968).


2. N.C. Seeman, MIND3:  A 3-Dimensional Patterson Superposition Program for the IBM 1130 Computer,  Technical Report TR-70-1, Department of Crystallography, University of Pittsburgh (1970).


3. N.C. Seeman, Nanotechnology at NYU:  Using DNA to Form Microscopic "Bricks", Connect :  Academic Computing and Networking at New York University7(2), 26-29 (1997).






1. With Eric Smalley, TRN View from the High Ground, May 4/11, 2005.


2. With Rosalyn Berne, Nanotalk, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, pp 178-198 [name altered] (2006). 


3. With Paul Weiss, ACSNano2, 1089-1096 (2008).


4. With Penelope Lewis, ACSNano (2008),


5. With Roland Pease, British Broadcasting Corporation, Nov 05, 2009.


6. NIMS Now 7(9), 10-10, 2009.


7. With Samuel Winthrop, F1000 Prime, Nov 20, 2013.


8. With Sarah Iqbal, India Alliance Newsletter, Jan 01, 2015.






Most Notable Scientific Achievements (#n refers to bibliography serial number):


First Crystal Structure of a Naturally Occurring Dinucleoside Phosphate, #3, 1971.

First Demonstration of A-U Watson-Crick Base Pairing and RNA Double Helices in Single Crystals, #10, 1973.

First Crystal Structure of a Dinucleoside Phosphate with a Mutagen, #14, 1975.

Theory of Sequence Specific Recognition of Nucleic Acids, #18, 1976.

Theory of Immobile Nucleic Acid Junction Design, #30, #32 1981.

Demonstration of Immobile Nucleic Acid Junctions--First Successful Design of a Macromolecule, #36, 1983.

Testable Theory of Macromolecular Design and Crystal Formation, #40, 1985.

First Specific Proposal for the Design of a Biochip, #47, 1987.

First Construction of a Geometrical DNA Object, #58, 1989.

First Construction of a 3-D, 3-Connected DNA Object, a Cube, #69, 1991.

First Syntheses of Single-Stranded DNA Knots, #72, #79, 1991-1992.

Solid-Support-Based Procedure for Construction of DNA-Objects, #78, 1992.

Theory and Construction of First DNA Antijunctions and Mesojunctions, #80, 1992.

General Procedure for DNA Knot Construction, #81, 1992.

Construction of DNA Double Crossover Molecules, #82, 1993.

Construction of Symmetric Immobile DNA Branched Junctions, #88, 1993.

Determination of Holliday Junction Crossover Topology, #93, 1994.

Determination of Symmetric Holliday Junction Crossover Isomer Ratios, #97, 1994.

Construction of a DNA Truncated Octahedron, #100, 1994.

Discovery of an RNA Topoisomerase, #112, 1996.

First Construction of DNA Borromean Rings, #114, 1997.

Demonstration of Holliday Junction Crossover Isomerization, #116, 1997.

First Designed Self-Assembly of a Nucleic Acid 2D Lattice, #125, 1998.

Determination of Holliday Junction Relative Free Energies, #127, 1998.

First Construction of a DNA Nanomechanical Device, #134, 1999.

First Algorithmic Self-Assembly, #150, 2000.

First Robust Sequence-Dependent DNA Nanomechanical Device, #155, 2002.

First Undistorted Symmetric Immobile Junction, #182, 2004.

First Walking Device, #187, 2004.

First Trigonal 2D Lattice, #189, 2004.

First DNA Nanomechanical Translation Device, #192, 2004.

First 2D Organization of Metallic Nanoparticles, #210, 2006.

First Attachment of Robust Nanomechanical Device to 2D Array, #215, 2006.

First Programmed Capture of a Nucleic Acid Tile, #233, 2009.

First Autonomous Unidirectional Walker, #237, 2009.

First Designed 3D Nucleic Acid Crystal Structure, #243, 2009.

First Nanoscale Assembly Line, #250, 2010.

Discovery of Double-Stranded DNA Homology Recognition, #256, 2010.

First Self-Replicating Nanoscale System, #264, 2011.



Professional Societies:


American Crystallographic Association 1968-

USA National Committee for Crystallography, 2003-2004.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow) 1976-

Biophysical Society 1977-

Program Committee, 1986.

Electronic Publishing Task Force, 1994-5.

Chair, Molecular Biophysics Subgroup, 1995.

Publications Committee, 1998-2001.

New York Academy of Sciences 1979-

American Chemical Society 1983-

Sigma Xi 1984-

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 1986-

Materials Research Society 1992-

Pittsburgh Diffraction Society 1994-

International Society for Nanoscale Science, Computation and Engineering 2004-

Founding President, 2004-2005.

Past President, 2006.

Royal Chemical Society (Fellow) 2005-


Main Professional Interests:


DNA Nanotechnology:  Nanoscale Objects, Devices, Networks and Biochips

Recombination Chemistry 

Topology of Single-Stranded Nucleic Acid Molecules

Unusual Motifs for DNA-Based Computing


Major Areas of Scientific Capability:


X-ray Crystallography

Scientific Programming, Computing, and Computer Graphics

Computer-Assisted Nucleic Acid Structural and Topological Design

Oligonucleotide Synthesis




Introductory (Molecular) Biology, 1977-88, 250-400 1st-2nd year undergraduates.

X-Ray Diffraction, 1974, 1976, 1977-1979, 10 graduate students.

Macromolecular Structure, 1980, 20 graduate students.

Nucleic Acid Structure and Dynamics, 1980-87, 20 graduate students.

Introductory Chemistry, 1989-90, 300 1st-2nd year undergraduates.

Macromolecular Structure, 1989-present, 10-25 graduate students.

Biomolecular Seminar, Both Semesters, 1997-2009, 12 graduate students.

Second Year Seminar, 2010, 25 graduate students.

Structural DNA Nanotechnology, 2012-, 16-30 registered students (2015 - undergraduate students).


Papers #18, #25, #69 & #183 (bibliography) have been used in classrooms worldwide.




Extramural Ad Hoc Grant Reviews:


Single Reviews:


External Grant Reviewer, Department of Energy, 1982.

NIH Special Study Section, 1983.

NIH Special Telephone Study Section, Chair, 1992.

NIH Study Section (BBCA), ad hoc Reviewer, 1993.

NIH Special Telephone Study Section, 1994.

NIH Special Telephone Study Section, Chair, 1994.

NIH Special Telephone Study Section, Chair, 1996 (2).

External Grant Reviewer, Wellcome Trust, 1996.

External Grant Reviewer, Canadian Medical Research Council, 1997, 1998.

External Grant Reviewer, Army Research Office, 1998.

External Grant Reviewer, Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique, 2000.

Special Emphasis Panel, Reviewer, NIH, 2000.

External Grant Reviewer, NASA, 2001.

External Grant Reviewer, German-Israeli Science Foundation, 2002.

External Grant Reviewer, European Science Foundation, 2002.

External Grant Reviewer, Wellcome Trust, 2002.

External Grant Reviewer, Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique, 2002.

External Grant Reviewer, US Civilian Research & Development Foundation, 2003.

External Grant Reviewer, Leverhulme Trust, 2005.

External Grant Reviewer, Human Frontiers of Science, 2005

External Grant Reviewer, Minerva Foundation, 2005.

External Grant Reviewer, Army Research Office, 2005.

External Grant Reviewer, Science Foundation of Ireland, 2005.

External Grant Reviewer, Austrian Science Fund, 2006, 2008.


Repeated Reviews:


External Grant Reviewer, NSF, occasional, 1976-present.

External Grant Reviewer, NIH, occasional,  1986-present.

External Grant Reviewer, CUNY, occasional, 1988-present.

External Grant Reviewer, Petroleum Research Foundation, occasional, 1990-present.

External Grant Reviewer, Research Corporation,, occasional, 1997-present.

External Grant Reviewer, Israel Science Foundation, occasional 2000,-present.

External Grant Reviewer, NSERC,, occasional, 2002-present.

External Grant Reviewer, ETH Research Commission, 1995-present.

External Grant Reviewer, Réseau Thématique de Recherche Avancée , 2007-present.


Extramural Program Reviews:


Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Biology Division Program Reviewer, 1981.

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Division Program Reviewer, 1985.



Journals and Series:


Editorial Boards:


Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics 1983-1994.

Biomolecular Engineering, 2000-2007.

Current Nanosciences, 2004-2015.

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2001-

International Journal of Natural Computing, 2001-.

Chemistry and Biology, 2002-

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2002-.

Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2004-.

NanoBiotechnology, 2004-.

Nanomedicine, 2005-2009.

Artificial DNA, 2010-.

BioNanoScience, 2010-.

Royal Society's Interface, 2012-.

Biophysical Journal, 2016-2018.


Editorial Advisory Boards:


NanoLetters, 2000-.

Advances in Nanoscale Materials and Nanotechnology, 2000-.

Small, 2004-2012.

Chemistry Central Journal, 2006-.

Biopolymers, 2006-.

ACSNano, 2007-.

Biotechnologia 2011-.




Accounts of Chemical Research, Acta Crystallographica, Analytical Chemistry, Angewandte Chemie, Australian Journal of Chemistry, Biochemistry, Bioconjugate Chemistry, Biomacromolecules, Biophysical Chemistry, Biopolymers, ChemBioChem, Chemical Reviews, Chemistry of Materials, European Journal of Biochemistry, Gene, Genome Research, IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, International Journal of Computational Intelligence Research, International Journal of General Systems, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, Journal of Computational Chemistry, Journal of Computational Physics, Journal of Materials Science, Journal of Molecular Biology, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Journal of Organic Chemistry, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Journal of Zhejiang University, Lab on a Chip, Lancet, Langmuir, Macromolecules, NanoLetters, Nanotechnology, Nature, Nature Chemistry, Nature Materials, Nature Medicine, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Protocols, New Journal of Chemistry, Nucleic Acids Research, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, Organic Letters, Physical Review E, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), Proteins, Science, Supramolecular Science, Tetrahedron, Theochem


Concurrent Positions:


Visiting Scientist, State University at Leiden, The Netherlands, 1982.

Adjunct Faculty, Department of Biology, SUNY/Albany, 1988-1991.

Visiting Scientist, Institut d'Hautes Études Scientifiques, Bûres-Sur-Yvette, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003.




Organizing Committee, Stereodynamics Symposium, 1982-1991, 1998-.

Organizing Committee, Alexander Rich Symposium, 1992-1994.

Program Committee, 2nd-5th, 8-11th DNA Based Computation Conference, 1996-2005.

Chair, Microsymposium on Crystal Morphology, IUCr XVII, 1996.

Program Committee, Biomolecular Motors and Nanomachines, 1997.

Program Committee, 5th-8th Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, 


Award Committee, Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology, 1997-.

Organizing Committee, Mathematical Problems in the Molecular Sciences, 1999.

Planning Committee, BECON 2000, 1999-2000.

Steering Committee, DNA Based Computation Conferences, 2000-present.

Program Chair, 7th Conference on DNA-Based Computation, 2001.

Manuscript Reviewer GECCO '02, 2001-2002.

Scientific Committee, Molecular Nanotechnology, 2001-2002.

Co-Organizer, NYU Nanotechnology Discussion Group, 2003-.

Int'l Advisory Com., Computer Modeling and Simulating Materials Nanoworld, 2004.

Track Chair, Foundations of Nanoscience, 2004-present.

Program Committee, DNA-Based Semantic Information Processing, 2004-2005.

Program Committee, Recent Advances in Biomolecular Computing, 2005.

Organizer, Inaugural Session, NY Acad. Sci., Nanobiotechnology Disc. Group, 2005.


Advisory Boards:


Advisory Board, Art & Science Collaborations, Inc., 1999-.

Advisory Board, Dartmouth Molecular Materials Group, 1999-2008.

Scientific Advisory Board, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Molecular Foundry, 2002-.

Advisory Board, University of South Carolina NIRT, 2002-2006.

Advisory Board, Springer Handbook of Natural Computing, 2008-2010.

Scientific Advisory Board, BioNEC, Univ. Southern Denmark, (Odense), 2012-2017.

Mathematical Assn. of America, Program Area Study Group in Chemistry, 2013-.

Art and Science Collaborations, Inc., Advisory Board, 2000-.




Senior Consultant, Molecular Biophysics Technology Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 1983-1987.

Consultant, Lifecodes Corporation, Elmsford, NY, 1983-1987.

Consultant, Datascope-PolyProbe Inc., Malvern, PA, 1989-1993.

Consultant, Chiron Corporation, Emoryville, CA, 1993-1998.

Consultant, Tm Technologies, Woburn, MA 1997.

Scientific Advisory Board, TM Bioscience Corporation, Toronto, Ontario, 1998-2000.

Scientific Advisory Board, CallistoGen AG, Berlin, 2001-2002.

Principal Scientific Consultant, Nanoscience Technologies, Inc., 2003-2006.

Consultant, Parabon Corp., Reston, VA, 2007-2009.


Product Evaluations/Focus Groups:


DNA Modifying Enzyme Panel, The Answer Group, 1992.

Nature Evaluation Panel, Ubell Associates, 1993.

National Molecular Biology Advancement Panel, Migliara/Kaplan Associates, 1993.

Proposal Reviewer, John Wiley & Sons, 1996, 1997.

DDB Needham Worldwide, Inc., New York, 1998. 

Journal Proposal Reviewer, Springer, Inc., 2005.

Nature Publishing Group, Data System Panel, 2012.


Selected Activities:


TIBS Crostic Winner, 1987.

Expert Panel on Nucleic Acid Junctions, IUBMB Nomenclature Committee, 1993-1995.

Consultation to Scientific and Technological Options Assessment Group of the European Parliament, 1995.

Faculty of 1000:  Section Head for Biomimetic Chemistry, 2001-.

Tour Host, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2 tours), 2001.

ASCI Member's Image, DNA Cube, March, 2003.

Listed in Who's Who in America, 2005-.


Community Service:


Petit Juror, Manhattan, 7 days, 1990.

Grand Juror, Manhattan, 4 weeks, 1994.

Petit Juror, Manhattan, 3 days, 1998.

Petit Juror, Manhattan, 2 days, 2002.

Petit Juror, Manhattan, 2 days, 2007.

Petit Juror, Manhattan, 2 days, 2015.






Named Lectures:


Sidhu Award Lecture, Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, 1974.

John Vandeputte Lecturer, Rutgers University, Chemistry Department,1996.

Margaret and Herman Sokol Award Lecture, New York University, 1999.

Irix Pharmaceutical Lecturer, Clemson University, Chemistry Department, 2001.

Ephraim & Wilma Shaw Roseman Lecturer, Johns Hopkins Univ., Chem. Dept., 2001.

First Donald Williams Memorial Lecture, Univ. of Louisville, Chem. Dept., 2003.

Inaugural Lecture, Hauptman-Woodward Institute, Buffalo, 2006.

William H. Nichols Lecture, New York Section of Am. Chem. Soc., 2008.

College of Science Distinguished Lecture, Rochester Institute of Technology, 2008.

Dean's Colloquium, Macquarie University, 2008.

Distinguished Lecture, Viterbi School of Engineering, Univ. Southern California, 2009.

Society of Cosmetic Chemists, Frontiers of Science Lecture, New York, 2009.

Alexander Rich Lecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010.

IAS Distinguished Lecture, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, 2010.

Kavli Prize Lecture, Oslo, 2010.

ISNSCE Prize Lecture, Snowbird, Utah, 2011.

American Crystallographic Association, Plenary Lecture, New Orleans, 2011.

Pioneer Lecture, Q-Bio Conf. on Cellular Information Processing, Santa Fe, 2011.

Nano-DDS, Plenary Lecture, Brooklyn, 2011.

Distinguished Science Lecture, Bard College, 2011.

Seymour Rothchild Lecture, University of Rochester, 2012.

Albert Einstein Professorship Lecture, Shanghai, 2012.

Thirty-Fifth Two Genes Memorial Lecture, Northwestern University, 2013.

DNA in Nanotechnology, Keynote, Göteborg, 2013.

Keynote, Mid-Atlantic Chapter of Lab. Robotics Interest Grp, Somerset, 2014.

Herta Leng Lecture, Physics Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2014.

Cherry Emerson Lecture, School of Chemistry, Georgia Tech, 2014.

Julius Stieglitz Memorial Lecture, University of Chicago, 2014.

Plenary:  Intl. Rndtable Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-XXI, Poznan, 2014.

Plenary:  Molecular Robotics Symposium, DNA-20, Kyoto, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, New Delhi, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, Hyderabad, 2014.

Jagadish Chandra Bose Triennial Gold Medal Lecture, Kolkata, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, Shantiniketan, 2015.

NY Nanoscience, City University of New York, Keynote Lecture, New York, 2015.

Fifth Int'l Seminar, Nanosci. & Nanotech., Keynote Speaker, Havana, 2015.



Invited Lectures:


IUCr VIII Conference on Crystallographic Computing, Ottawa, 1969.

Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, 1973.

Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference (Sidhu Award Lecture), 1974.

Endicott House Conference, Dedham, 1975.

Society for Information Science, Boston, 1975.

X-ray Diffraction Gordon Conference, 1976.

Basil O'Connor Symposium, Key Biscayne, 1979.

Second Stereodynamics Symposium, Albany, 1981.

IUCr XII Satellite Meeting, Buffalo, 1981.

Third Stereodynamics Symposium, Albany, 1983.

Mid-Atlantic Nucleic Acids Workshop, Philadelphia, 1984.

Molecular Basis of Cancer Conference, Buffalo, 1984.

Biopolymers Gordon Conference, 1984.

Biophysics Symposium, MRC-Mill Hill, London, 1984.

Jeffrey Retirement Symposium, Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, 1985.

Jensen Retirement Symposium, Seattle, 1986.

FASEB Recombination Conference, Vermont, 1986.

CSM-IUCr Molecular Structure Symposium, Beijing, 1986.

Biophysical Society, Phoenix, 1988.

Intermediates in Genetic Recombination, Cold Spring Harbor, 1988.

Nanocon I, Seattle, 1989.

Sixth Stereodynamics Symposium, Albany, 1989.

FASEB Recombination Conference, Colorado, 1989.

EURAGE Genomic Instability and Aging Conference, Nerja, 1989.

ONR Biopolymers Symposium, Elkridge, 1989.

Site-Specific Recombination Conference, Woods Hole, 1990.

Electrochemical Society, Washington DC, 1991.

Nucleic Acids Gordon Conference, 1991.

Molecular Nanotechnology Conference, Palo Alto, 1991.

Bionic Design Workshop, Tsukuba, 1992.

DNA and DNA-Protein Structure Conference, Austin, 1992.

Biopolymers Gordon Conference, 1992.

American Crystallographic Association-Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, 1992.

San Diego Nucleic Acids Conference, 1992.

Materials Research Society, Boston, 1992.

American Chemical Society, Joint MARM-SERM, Arlington VA, 1992.

First Suddath Memorial Symposium, Atlanta, 1993.

ASPRONC Symposium on Super-Natured Structures and Systems, Tokyo, 1993.

IUCr XVI Microsymposium, Beijing, 1993.

American Vacuum Society, Orlando, 1993.

Materials Research Society, Boston, 1993.

Polymer-Design Conference, Asilomar, 1994

American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, 1994.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, 1994.

American Crystallographic Association, Atlanta, 1994.

NATO ARW on Supramolecular Chemistry, Hveragerdi, 1994.

IUBMB XVI Symposium, New Delhi, 1994.

ONR Coolfont I Symposium, Berkeley Springs, WV, 1994.

Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, 1994.

New York Structural Biology Discussion Group, 1994.

DIMACS Workshop on DNA Topology and Structure, Piscataway, 1994.

Molecular Biophysics Subgroup, Biophysical Society, San Francisco, 1995.

Nature Conference on The Science of Complex Molecular Systems, Paris, 1995.

Bio-Organic Chemistry Gordon Conference, 1995.

Ninth Stereodynamics Symposium, Albany, 1995.

NATO ARW on Modular Chemistry, Estes Park, 1995.

American Chemical Society, NERM, Rochester, 1995.

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Charlotte, 1995.

Molecular Nanotechnology Conference (Feynman Award Lecture), Palo Alto, 1995.

IBC Conference on Molecular Electronics, Marina del Rey, 1996.

American Mathematical Society, Iowa City, 1996.

High Polymer Research Conference, Moretonhampstead, 1996.

NATO ARW on Self-Assembly in Synthetic Chemistry, Val Morin, Quebec, 1996.

DIMACS DNA-Based Computing Conference II, Princeton, 1996.

IUCr XVII, Microsymposium, Seattle, 1996.

IBC Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, San Diego, 1996.

Nanotechnology Symposium, New York University, Physics Department, 1997.

NSF/WTEC Nanoparticle Workshop, 1997.

American Chemical Society, MARM, New York, 1997.

Intelligence Community Advanced Technology Panel, 1997.

Biomolecular Motors and Nanomachines, Rensselaerville, 1997.

Molecular Nanotechnology Conference (Lecture and Panel), Palo Alto, 1997.

Pattern Formation: Biology, Dynamics & Computer Graphics, Bures-sur-Yvette, 1997.

IBC Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, San Diego, 1997.

Molecular Biophysics Subgroup, Biophysical Society, Kansas City, 1998.

Symposium on Intelligence and Systems, IEEE, Washington, DC, 1998.

DIMACS DNA-Based Computing Conference IV, Princeton, 1998.

Nanostructure Fabrication Gordon Conference, Tilton, 1998.

Homage to M.C. Escher, Lima, 1998.

ONR Coolfont III Symposium, Berkeley Springs, WV, 1998.

IBC Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, San Francisco, 1998.

Structure and Design of Synthetic Gene Medicines, San Francisco, 1999.

Advances at the Biology/Math/Computation/Physical Sciences Interface, Rutgers, 1999.

American Society for Neurochemistry, New Orleans, 1999.

New York Structural Biology Discussion Group, 1999.

Seventh Elba-Foresight Forum on Nanotechnology, Rome, 1999.

Access Conference on Nanotechnology, London, 1999.

American Crystallographic Association, Buffalo, 1999.

Eleventh Stereodynamics Symposium, Albany, 1999.

Fourth International Conference on Materials Chemistry, Dublin, 1999.

FASEB Recombination Conference, Colorado, 1999.

German Biochemical Society, Hamburg, 1999.

NSF Workshop on Biomolecular Computation, Washington DC, 1999.

Margaret and Herman Sokol Award Lecture, New York, 1999.

Mathematical Problems in the Molecular Sciences, New York, 1999.

Yale/HP (Agilent) Workshop on Bioscience Nanotechnology, New Haven, 1999.

Microscale Characterization for Materials Discovery, Newark, DE, 1999.

International Symposium on Cluster and Nanostructure Interfaces, Richmond, 1999.

Nature Biotechnology Conference on Gene Therapy, Washington, 1999.

DARPA Bio DNA Conference, Crystal City, VA, 2000.

American Physical Society, Minneapolis, 2000.

Interfacing Biology and Polymer Science, Amherst, 2000.

NATO ARW on Frontiers of Nano-Optical-Electronic Systems, Kiev, 2000.

International Symposium on Nanoscale Science and Technology, Tel Aviv, 2000.

Bio-Organic Chemistry Gordon Conference, 2000.

Organic Structures and Properties Gordon Conference, 2000.

Nanoscience & Technology:  Shaping Biomedical Research, BECON 3, Bethesda, 2000.

DARPA Focus 2000:  Bio, Info, Physical Systems, Chantilly, 2000.

11th International Symposium on Supramolecular Chemistry, Fukuoka, 2000.

Functional Nanostructures, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2000.

Petersheim Symposium, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2000.

Second Intl. Conf. on Supramolecular Science and Technology, Leuven, 2000.

Eighth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, Washington DC, 2000.

National Nanofabrication Users Network Workshop, Washington DC, 2000.

Poly Millennial 2000, Waikoloa, HI, 2000.

Dartmouth Molecular Materials Symposium, 2001.

American Physical Society, Seattle, 2001.

Ninth Suddath Memorial Symposium, Atlanta, 2001.

ARDA Workshop on Molecular Electronics, College Park, 2001.

Strategic Nucleic Acid Research, Stockholm, 2001.

National Academy of Sciences, Sackler Colloq. on Nanoscience, Washington, DC, 2001.

ACS Symposium on Biological Applications of Nanotechnology, Berkeley, 2001.

Seventh Workshop on DNA-Based Computation (Tutorial), Tampa, 2001.

Condensed Matter Physics Gordon Conference, 2001.

Nucleic Acids Gordon Conference, 2001.

Chemistry of Electronic Materials Gordon Conference, 2001.

American Crystallographic Association, Los Angeles, 2001.

Nano-Physics and BioElectronics, Dresden, 2001.

Electron Interactions in DNA, Los Angeles, 2001.

Life Sciences and Nanostructured Materials, Philadelphia, 2001.

Nanoscience in a  Mega-City, New York, 2001.

Jeffrey Memorial Symposium, Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, Covington, KY, 2001.

DARPA/NSF BioComp PI Conference, Monterey, CA, 2001.

DOE-BES Biomolecular Materials Workshop, Del Mar, CA, 2002.

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston, 2002.

BTG Nanotechnology Network Workshop, London, 2002.

Fundamental Materials Research Symposium, East Lansing, 2002.

1st International Conference on Nanoscale/Molecular Mechanics, Maui, 2002.

DARPA Biocomp PI Meeting, Washington, DC, 2002.

DNA-Based Molecular Construction, Jena, 2002.

8th Conference on DNA-Based Computers (tutorial), Sapporo, 2002.

Workshop on Nanoscience, Columbia, SC, 2002.

Banbury Conference on Biosensors, Cold Spring Harbor, 2002.

ONR Biomolecular & Biosciences Program Review, Duck Key, 2002.

Nanobionics II, Marburg, 2002.

10th Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, Bethesda, 2002.

Applications of Nanotechnology to Biomedical Science, Newark, NJ, 2002.

Entanglement at the Nanoscale, ICTP, Trieste (2), 2002.

IUPAC-PC2002, Kyoto, 2002.

DARPA BioComp PI Meeting, San Diego, 2002.

National Science Foundation, NIRT Investigators Conference, Washington, DC, 2002.

Center for Nanoscience Winter School,  Mauterndorf, 2003.

New York Nanoscience Discussion Group, New York, 2003.

Biol. Apps. of Nanomaterials & Nanotechnology, Am. Chem. Soc., New Orleans, 2003.

Frontiers in Chemical and Structural Biology, Montreal (Keynote), 2003.

DARPA/NSF BioComp PI Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, 2003.

New Jersey Nanotechnology Consortium, Murray Hill, 2003.

Thirteenth Conversation on Biomolecular Stereodynamics, Albany, 2003.

Fourth Workshop on Future Trends in Microelectronics, Pianotola, Corsica, 2003.

15th International Conference on Affinity Interactions, Cambridge, UK, 2003.

IEEE, Molecular Electronics Nanotechnology Symposium, San Francisco, 2003.

II ASTATPHYS-MEX-2003: Molecular Engineering Conference, Puerto Vallarta, 2003.

American Chemical Society Materials Symposium, New York, 2003.

American Chemical Society Division of Chemical Information, New York, 2003.

ONR Biomolecular & Biosciences Program Review, Duck Key, 2003.

Biomolecular Mathematics, American Mathematical Society, Binghamton, 2003.

Materials Research Society, Boston, 2003.

Congress on Evolutionary Computing, Canberra, 2003.

UK Macrocycles and Supramolecular Chemistry, Sheffield, 2004.

DARPA BioComp PI Meeting, College Park, MD, 2004.

NACON VI, Sheffield, 2004.

Foundations of Nanoscience, Snowbird, 2004.

High Polymer Research Conference, Pott Shrigley, 2004.

DNA-Based Molecular Electronics, Jena, 2004.

Reaching for the Ultimate, ISNSCE Inaugural Symposium, Milan, 2004.

Chirality 2004, ISCD-16, New York, 2004.

American Crystallographic Association, Chicago, 2004. 

DNA & Chromosomes:  Physical & Biological Approaches (2), Cargese, Corsica, 2004.

Dynamics, Control and Computation in Biochemical Networks, Banff, 2004.

US National Academy Committee on Advances in Technology, Cuernavaca, 2004.

Biomedical Engineering Materials and Applications Roundtable, Washington DC, 2004.

Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, 2004

Foresight Symposium on Molecular Machine Systems, Washington, DC, 2004.

Optics East, SPIE, Philadelphia, 2004.

Robert F. Stewart Retirement Symp., Pittsburgh Diffraction Society, Pittsburgh, 2004.

American Chemical Society, SERM, Durham, NC, 2004.

Canadian Institute for Advanced Research in Nanoelectronics, Vancouver, 2004.

Bio Nano-Engineering for Nanodevices, Paris, 2004.

Engineering a DNA World, Pasadena, 2005.

National Acad. Sciences Workshop on Molecular Manufacturing, Washington DC, 2005.

RSC Conference on Chemical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Nottingham, 2005.

Fourth International Symposium on Chemical Biophysics, Toronto, 2005.

Nobel Workshop on Fundamentals of Biomolecular Function, Coimbra, 2005.

Turing Days Symposium, Istanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, Istanbul, 2005.

American Chemical Society, MARM, Piscataway, NJ, 2005.

11th Conference on DNA-Based Computing (tutorial), London, Ont., 2005.

NANO 2005, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, 2005.

Seventh Beckman Symposium, Irvine, CA, 2005.

New York Structural Biology Discussion Group, Cold Spring Harbor, 2005.

15th IUPAB and 5th EBSA Conference, Montpellier, 2005.

Ninth International Conference on Environmental Mutagens, San Francisco, 2005.

British Association for the Advancement of Science Festival, Dublin, 2005.

Biocomputers 2005, Seoul, 2005.

Third COE Symposium on Human Friendly Materials Based on Chemistry, Tokyo, 2005.

Fourth Conference on Unusual Computation, Sevilla, 2005.

Fifth Virtual Conference on Genomics and Bioinformatics, Arlington, VA, 2005.

American Vacuum Society, Boston, 2005.

NSF Workshop on Opportunities of Nanoscience to Energy, Arlington, VA, 2005.

Molecular Biology Society of Japan, Fukuoka, 2005.

NYU-Penn Soft Matter Workshop, New York, 2006.

Structure by Design, Biophysical Society, Salt Lake City, 2006.

Workshop on Sensing Biomolecular Architectures, Charlottesville, 2006.

Genomes to Systems Conference, Manchester, 2006.

New York Nanoscience Discussion Group, New York, 2006.

DNA-Based Nanoscale Integration, Jena, 2006.

89th Canadian Chemistry Conference, Halifax, 2006.

12th Conference on DNA-Based Computing (tutorial), Seoul, 2006.

Canadian Society of Microbiology/Genetics Society of Canada, London, Ontario, 2006.

Fifth Workshop on Future Trends in Microelectronics, Aghia Pelagia, Crete, 2006.

International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Brisbane, 2006.

NSF Workshop on Cyber Infrastructure in Materials Science, 2006.

Intl. Roundtable on Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-XVII, Bern, 2006. 

Second Symposium on Semiconductor Wires, Lund (Keynote + Tutorial), 2006.

Complex Molecular Architectures on Surfaces, Bonn, 2006.

Seventh Dartmouth Symposium on Nanomaterials, 2006.

Nano:  The Future is Here, Giessen, 2006.

NSF Workshop on the Computational World View and the Sciences, Princeton, 2006.

Advanced Architectures for Biol. Agent Detection & Discrimination, Hoboken, 2007.

Trends in Nanoscience, Kloster Irsee, 2007.

Arthur M. Sackler Symposium on Nanomaterials, Washington DC, 2007.

Pre-Biotic Chemistry and Early Evolution, Dubrovnik, 2007.

Thirteenth Conference on DNA-Based Computing (tutorial), Memphis, 2007.

Fifteenth Conversation on Biomolecular Stereodynamics, Albany, 2007.

Workshop on Tilings and Self-Assembly, Turku, 2007.

Goddard Symposium, Am. Chem. Soc., Boston, 2007.

Challenges and Opportunities for the Future of Nano and Bio Technologies, Tucson, 2007.

Molecular Foundry-Advanced Light Source User's Meeting, Berkeley, 2007.

Second International Symposium on Bio-Inspired Engineering, Dead Sea, 2007.

Workshop in NSF Nanoelectronics, Arlington, VA, 2007.

NYNBIT Technical Meeting, Utica, 2007.

Nucleic Acid Science: The Excitement of Discovery, Chemische Gesellschaft Zurich, 2007.

Knotting Mathematics and Art, Tampa, 2007.

DOE Biomolecular Materials Meeting, Warrenton, VA, 2007.

CIFAR Nanoelectronics Program Meeting, Vancouver, 2007.

Materials Research Society, Boston, 2007.

Workshop on Algorithmic Bioprocesses, Leiden, 2007.

Short Course on Applications of Knot Theory, American Math. Soc., San Diego, 2008.

Impact of Nucleic Acid Nanostructure on Function, Bangalore, 2008.

William H. Nichols Lecture, White Plains, NY 2008.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, 2008.

New York Nanoscience Discussion Group, 2008.

Office of Naval Research, DNA Nanofabrication Workshop, Washington, DC, 2008.

American Chemical Society, MARM, Queens, NY, 2008.

Neville R. Kallenbach 70th Birthday Symposium, New York, 2008.

Molecular Frontiers Symposium, Stockholm, 2008.

Fourteenth Conference on DNA-Based Computing (tutorial), Prague, 2008.

Third CIMTEC Conference on Smart Materials, Structures and Systems, Acireale, 2008.

International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research, Hoboken, 2008.

Third Int'l Symposium on Macrocyclic and Supramolecular Chemistry, Las Vegas, 2008

DSRC Workshop, Harvard, Cambridge, 2008.

Nanotides Symposium, Düsseldorf, 2008.

ONR Workshop, Arlington,VA, 2009.

Second CDNA Minisymposium, Durham, NC, 2009.

35th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Boston, 2009.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, 2009.

DNA-Based Nanotechnology: Construction, Mechanics, and Electronics, Dresden, 2009.

44th Bürgenstock Conference, Brunnen, 2009.

National Institute for Materials Science:  NIMS Week, Tsukuba, 2009.

American Crystallographic Association, Toronto, 2009.

Steenbock Symposium honoring Har Gobind Khorana, Madison, 2009.

Ctr. for Funct. Nanostructs., Sum. Sch. on Nano-Biol. (Keynote), Bad Herrenalb, 2009.

Nanoelectronic Devices Defense and Security, Fort Lauderdale, 2009.

Singularity Summit, New York, 2009.

NanoSWEC Workshop, Bordeaux, 2009.

Society of Cosmetic Chemists, Frontiers of Science Lecture, New York, 2009.

ONR Workshop on 3D-Based DNA Nanofabrication, New York, 2009.

Second Workshop of the Molecular Programming Project, Oxnard, 2010.

First NanoEngineering for Medicine and Biology Congress, Houston, 2010.

Swiss Chemical Society, Bern, 2010.

American Physical Society, Portland, OR, 2010.

American Chemical Society, San Francisco, 2010.

Ph.D. School in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2 Tutorials), Milan, 2010.

Wyss Institute, New Directions in Synthetic Biology, Boston, 2010.

Beilstein Symposium on Functional Nanosciences, Bozen, 2010.

Biopolymers Gordon Conference, 2010.

DNA-16, Hong Kong, 2010.

Nanofabrication Gordon Conference, Tilton, 2010.

Stereochemistry Gordon Conference, Salve Regina, 2010.

James W. Canary 50th Birthday Symposium, New York, 2010.

CNIC 2010, Havana, 2010.

Kavli Prize Lecture, Oslo, 2010.

Second Nanotechnology Symposium at NTNU, Trondheim, 2010.

British Science Festival, Birmingham, 2010.

7th ERA-Chem. Flash Conf. on Bioinspired Chemistry, Santiago de Compostela, 2010.

ElecMol'10, Grenoble, 2010.

Workshop on Research Frontiers in Bioinspired Energy, Washington, DC, 2011.

Kavli Futures Symposium, Plenty of Room at the Middle, Pasadena, CA, 2011.

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC, 2011.

Nanoscale Biophysics Subgroup, Biophysical Society, Baltimore, 2011.

ONR Workshop on 3D-Based DNA Nanofabrication, Phoenix, 2011.

ISNSCE Prize Lecture, Snowbird, Utah, 2011.

Synthetic Biology Workshop, Paris, 2011.

Soft Matter Physics Approaches to Biology, KITP, Santa Barbara, 2011.

American Crystallographic Association, Plenary Lecture, New Orleans, 2011. 

94th Canadian Chemistry Conference, Montreal, 2011 (remote).

Seventeenth Conversation on Biomolecular Stereodynamics, Albany, 2011.

ARO MURI Kickoff, Crystal City, 2011.

ONR MURI Kickoff, Evanston, 2011.

Q-Bio Conference on Cellular Information Processing, Santa Fe, 2011. 

Nano-DDS, Plenary Lecture, Brooklyn, 2011.

Dimensionality, Swiss Academy of Sciences, Bern, 2011.

Structural DNA Nanotechnology, New York, 2011.

FINAR2RBP, Bangalore, 2011.

Fourteenth IUPAC Conference on Polymers and Organic Chemistry, Doha, 2012.

ARO MURI, New York, 2012.

Discrete and Topological Models in Molecular Biology, Am. Math. Soc. Tampa, 2012.

Einstein Professorship Lecture, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, 2012.

American Chemical Society, San Diego, 2012.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, 2012.

17th UTMB Structural Biology Symposium, Galveston, 2012.

EMRS, Strasbourg, 2012.

CIMTEC, Montecatini Terme, 2012

FASEB, Dynamic DNA Structures in Biology, Saxton's River, 2012.

Gordon Conference on Bio-Inspired Materials, Davidson, 2012.

DNATEC II/DNA-18, Aarhus, 2012.

Fourth EuCheMS Chemistry Congress, Prague, 2012.

Fourth International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology, Havana, 2012.

New York Crystallographic Workshop, 2012.

ONR Grant Review, Evanston, 2012.

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston, 2013.

ARO MURI Review, Crystal City, 2013.

Science of Digital Fabrication, MIT, 2013.

New York Nanoscience Discussion Group, New York, 2013.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, 2013

Self-Assembly & Supramolecular Chemistry Gordon Conference, Les Diablerets, 2013.

Canadian Chemical Society, Quebec, 2013.

Visions of the Theory of Computing, Simons Institute, Berkeley, 2013.

Biomolecular Synthesis and Nanotechnology, Odense, 2013. 

Programmed Self-Assembly of Matter, New York, 2013.

PhD School on Applications of SPM, Aalborg, 2013.

Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, Buffalo, 2013.

DNA-19, Tempe, 2013.

ONR Grant Review, Evanston, 2013.

Synthetic Life Workshop, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, 2013.

DNA in Nanotechnology, Keynote, Göteborg, 2013.

Westchester Chemical Society, Valhalla 2013.

Integration of Molecular Components in Macroscopic Systems, Hannover, 2014.

SAOG, Fribourg, 2014.

Keynote, Mid-Atlantic Chapter of Lab. Robotics Interest Grp, Somerset, 2014.

ARO MURI Review, Crystal City, 2014.

CECAM, Stuttgart, 2014.

DNAtec14, Dresden, 2014.

97th Canadian Chemical Society, Vancouver, 2014.

Alex in Wonderland II, Cambridge, 2014.

BioNEC, Odense, 2014.

Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation, London, Ontario, 2014.

Dynamic DNA Structures in Biology, FASEB SRC, Itasca, Illinois, 2014.

Plenary: Intl. Rndtable Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-XXI, Poznan, 2014. 

Programmable Molecular Robots and Nanobots, Cambridge, MA, 2014.

Plenary:  Molecular Robotics Symposium, DNA-20, Kyoto, 2014.

American Chemical Society-CERM, Pittsburgh, PA, 2014.

Materials Research Society, Boston, 2014.

NY Nanoscience, City University of New York, Keynote, New York, 2015.

Frontiers in Polymer and Biomolecular Chemistry, Tel Aviv, 2015.

4th International Conference on Ontological Engineering, Leeds, 2015.

DNA-Based Materials and Nanosymposium, Leeds, 2015.

ARO MURI, Silver Spring, MD, 2015.

Biologically Enabled Self-Assembly, Tallahassee, FL, 2015.

Nineteenth Conversation in Biomolecular Stereodynamics, Albany, NY, 2015.

STAR Symposium, Shanghai, 2015.

Fourth International Conference on DNA Nanotechnology, Xi'an, 2015.

Crystal Engineering Symposium, ACA, Philadelphia, 2015.

DOE Biomolecular Materials Meeting, Gaithersburg, 2015.

DNA-21, Cambridge, MA, 2015.

Fifth Int'l Seminar, Nanosci. & Nanotech., Keynote Speaker, Havana, 2015.

ONR Grant Review, Evanston, 2015.



Alexander Rich Memorial Gathering, Cambridge, MA, 2015.


Extramural Seminars:

University of Pittsburgh, Crystallography Department, 1972.

University of Pittsburgh, Medicinal Chemistry Department, 1972.

Carnegie-Mellon University, Chemistry Department, 1973.

University of Illinois, Urbana, Chemistry Department, 1974.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Biochemistry Department, 1974.

University of Pennsylvania, Biology Department, 1974.

Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, 1975.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Biology Department, 1975.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Chemistry Department, 1976.

University of Pennsylvania, Biology Department, 1976.

University of Chicago, Biophysics Department, 1976.

University of California, Berkeley, Chemistry Department, 1976.

University of Houston, Biophysics Department, 1976.

Wayne State University, Biochemistry Department, 1976.

SUNY/Albany, Biology Department, 1976.

Georgia Institute of Technology, Physics Department, 1977.

New York University, Chemistry Department, 1977.

University of California, Davis, Zoology Department, 1978.

New York State Department of Health, 1978.

New York Medical College, Cell Biology Department, 1981.

Mount Sinai Medical School, Biochemistry Department, 1981.

College of Saint Rose, Chemistry Department, 1983.

Queens College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, 1983.

Polytechnic Institute of New York, Chemistry Department, 1984.

Free University of Berlin, Biochemistry Department, 1984.

University of Köln, Genetics Institute, 1984.

TNO, Rijswijk, Experimental Gerontology Department, 1984.

Pennsylvania State University at Hazleton, Chemistry Department, 1985.

Albany Medical College, Biochemistry Department, 1985.

University of Washington, Chemistry Department, 1985.

Columbia University, P & S, Biophysics Department, 1985.

Hunter College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, 1986.

New York University, Chemistry Department, 1987.

Georgia Institute of Technology, Chemistry Department, 1987.

University of Colorado, Denver, Biophysics Department, 1987.

University of Illinois, Chicago, Biochemistry Department, 1988.

Scripps Research Institute, Molecular Graphics Department, 1988.

Columbia University, P & S, Biophysics Department, 1988.

City College, CUNY, Biochemistry Department, 1989.

Trenton State College, Chemistry Department, 1989.

TNO, Rijswijk, Experimental Gerontology Department, 1989.

Temple University, Chemistry Department, 1990.

New York University Medical School, Biochemistry Department, 1990.

Rutgers University, Chemistry Department, 1990.

University of Köln, Genetics Institute, 1990.

E.I. Du Pont de Nemours, Wilmington, CRDD, 1990.

University of Rochester, Biophysics Department, 1990.

Seton Hall University, Chemistry Department, 1990.

Syracuse University, Chemistry Department, 1991.

University of Oregon, Chemistry Department, 1991.

Oregon State University, Biochemistry Department, 1991.

University of Washington, Chemistry Department, 1991. 

Medscand-Ingeny, Leiden, Central Research, 1991.

CNRS, Molecular Biology Institute, Strasbourg, 1991.

Ecole Polytechnique, Biophysics Department, 1991.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Molecular Biology Department, 1991.

Princeton University, Chemistry Department, 1992.

Picower Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, 1992.

Georgia Institute of Technology, Chemistry Department, 1992.

Temple University Medical School, Biochemistry Department, 1992.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Biochemistry Department, 1992.

New York Medical College, Biochemistry Department, 1992.

Cornell University Medical School, Microbiology Department, 1992.

Brandeis University, Biochemistry Department, 1992.

University of Pennsylvania, Chemistry Department, 1993.

Villanova University, Chemistry Department, 1993.

Chiron Corporation, Emeryville, Nucleic Acids Division, 1993.

Indiana University, Bloomington, Chemistry Department, 1993.

University of Illinois, Urbana, Biochemistry Department, 1993.

Public Health Research Institute of New York, 1993.

Virus Research Institute, Cambridge, 1993.

University of Illinois, Chicago, Biochemistry Department, 1994.

Vassar College, Chemistry Department, 1994.

University of California, Berkeley, Cozzarelli Group, Cell & Mol. Biol. Dept., 1994.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Structural Biology Department, 1994.

Princeton University, Solid Materials Group, Physics Department, 1994.

Bose Institute, Calcutta, Biophysics Department, 1994.

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Molecular Biophysics Unit, 1994.

Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Bombay, Microbiology Department, 1994.

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay, Chemical Physics Group, 1994.

Hunter College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, 1994.

New York Academy of Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division, 1994.

National Institutes of Health, Genetics and Biochemistry Section, NIDDK, 1995.

Queens College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, 1995.

Free University of Brussels, Biochemistry Department, 1995.

California Institute of Technology, Chemistry Department, 1995.

Rockefeller University, Physical Biology Program, 1995.

New York State Department of Health, 1995.

University of Colorado, Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, 1995.

Scripps Research Institute, Chemistry Department, 1995.

Columbia University, P & S, Biophysics Department, 1995.

University of Delaware, Chemistry Department, 1995.

University of Chicago, Chemistry Department, 1996.

New York Academy of Sciences, Polymer Sciences Division, 1996.

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Chemistry Department, 1996.

University of Texas at Austin, Microbiology Department, 1996.

Wesleyan University, Chemistry Department, 1996.

Rutgers University, John Vandeputte Lecture, Chemistry Department, 1996.

Northwestern University, Chemistry Department, 1997.

Purdue University, Inorganic/Materials Group, 1997.

University of Pennsylvania, Joint Penn-UDel Seminar on DNA Computing, 1997.

University of New Orleans, Chemistry Department, 1997.

Nanogen, Inc., Nanotronics Division, 1997.

City of Hope Medical Center, Cell and Tumor Biology Department, 1997.

Vassar College, Chemistry Department, 1997.

Sigma Xi, Princeton University, 1997.

Brown University, Chemistry Department, 1997.

Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Hospital, Gerontology Department, 1997.

Sigma Xi, Queens College, 1997.

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Structural Biology, 1997.

CNRS, Laboratory of Enzymology and Biomolecular Structures, Gif-sur-Yvette, 1997.

Scripps Research Institute, Molecular Biology Department, 1997.

American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Greenwich Connecticut, 1998.

Rutgers University, Physics Department, 1998.

IBM, T. J. Watson Research Center, 1998.

Naval Research Laboratory, 1998.

Columbia University, Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Department, 1998.

Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Bures-Sur-Yvette, 1998.

University of Missouri at St. Louis, Chemistry Department, 1998.

Washington University, Chemistry Department, St. Louis, 1998.

McGill University, Physics Department, 1998.

Rockefeller University, Physics and Biology Program, 1998.

Drexel University, Chemistry Department, 1999.

Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, 1999.

Dartmouth College, Chemistry Department, 1999.

Rice University, Chemistry Department, 1999.

California Institute of Technology, Chemistry Department, 1999.

University of Southern California, Chemistry Department, 1999.

Georgia Institute of Technology, Chemistry Department, 1999.

Princeton University, Chemistry Department, 1999.

SUNY/Binghamton, Department of Biological Sciences, 1999.

Bell Labs, Physics & Materials Science, 1999.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Whitehead Institute, 1999.

Universita di Milano, Institute of Chemical Pharmaceuticals, 1999.

Jason Group, La Jolla, 1999.

Seton Hall University, Chemistry Department, 1999.

University of Delaware, Joint Penn-UDel Seminar on DNA Computing, 1999.

Salk Institute, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, 1999.

University of Washington, Center for Nanotechnology, 1999.

E.I. Du Pont de Nemours, Wilmington, CRDD, 1999.

Cornell Medical College, Genetic Medicine Department, 2000.

Polytechnic University, Chem. Eng., Chem. & Mat. Sci. Department, 2000.

University of Virginia, Department of Chemistry, 2000.

University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry, 2000

University of Massachusetts, Department of Chemistry, 2000.

Texas A&M, Biochemistry Department (2), 2000.

University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Inst. of Biotechnology, 2000.

Cornell University, Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, 2000.

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Department of Chemistry, 2000.

University of Toronto, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2000.

Columbia University, Genome Center, Biochemistry Department, 2000.

University of Tokyo, Department of Chemistry, 2000.

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Biomolecular Materials Group, 2000.

Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Department of Chemical Engineering, 2000.

University of Delft, Department of Applied Physics, 2000.

University of Leiden, Institute of Advanced Computer Science, 2000.

University of Maryland, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, 2000.

Naval Research Laboratory, 2000.

Hunter College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, 2000.

University of Washington, Chemistry Department, 2000.

University of Pennsylvania, Physics Department, 2001.

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Structural Biology Department, 2001

University of California, Berkeley, Chemistry Department, 2001.

University of British Columbia, Computer Science Department, 2001.

Simon Fraser University, Chemistry Department, 2001.

University of Notre Dame, Chemical Engineering Department, 2001.

Princeton University, Physics Department, 2001.

Bryn Mawr College, Chemistry Department, 2001.

University of Utah, Biology Department, 2001.

Institut Haute Études Scientifique, 2001.

University of South Florida, Chemistry Department, 2001.

Clemson University (Irix Pharmaceutical Lecturer), Chemistry Department, 2001.

Avon, Inc., Suffern Research and Development, 2001.

Duke University, Computational Biology Series, 2001.

North Carolina State University, Department of Chemistry, 2001.

University of Amsterdam, Organic Chemistry Department, 2001.

Johns Hopkins Univ., Chem. Dept. (Ephraim & Wilma Shaw Roseman Lecturer), 2001.

University of California at Santa Barbara, California Nanosystems Institute, 2001.

Callistogen, AG, 2002.

Brandeis University, Biochemistry Department, 2002.

SUNY/Albany, Chemistry Department, 2002.

Rockefeller University, Center for Physics and Biology, 2002.

Stevens Institute of Technology, Physics Department, 2002.

University of Connecticut, Institute of Materials Science, 2002.

Yokohama City University, Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology, 2002.

Nanjing University, Department of Chemistry, 2002.

Academica Sinica/Peking University, Chemistry Departments, 2002.

Columbia University, Department of Chemical Engineering, 2002.

University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 2002.

Harvard University Medical School, Department of Cell Biology, 2002.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Chemistry, 2002.

University of California, Los Angeles, California Nanosystems Institute, 2003.

Colgate University, Department of Chemistry, 2003.

Stevens Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, 2003.

University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Inst. of Biotechnology, 2003.

Univ. of Louisville (First Donald Williams Memorial Lecture), Chemistry Dept., 2003.

Boston University, Chemistry Department, 2003.

University of Texas at Austin, Chemistry Department, 2003.

Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Dept. of Biophysics, 2003.

CSIRO, Department of Molecular Science, 2003.

Mayo Clinic, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2004

University of Rochester, Department of Chemical Engineering, 2004.

Drexel University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 2004.

Tufts University, Chemistry Department, 2004. 

Nanjing University, Department of Chemistry (2), 2004.

Universita di Milano, Department of Structural Chemistry, 2004.

Universita di Bologna, Department of Biochemistry, 2004.

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Laboratoire de Biophysique, 2004.

Queens College, CUNY, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, 2004

Intel, Inc., Santa Clara, 2004.

University of Illinois, Department of Biochemistry, 2004.

Harvard University, Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2004.

Institute Curie, Department of Physical Chemistry, 2004.

U. So. Cal. Dept. Electrical Engineering-Systems, Distinguished Lecture Series, 2005.

Fordham University, Department of Chemistry, 2005.

University of Twente, MESA, 2005.

Qiagen, Inc., Hilden, 2005.

University of Manchester, Interdisciplinary Research Center, 2005.

Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, 2005.

University of California, Davis, Department of Chemistry, 2005.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, 2005.

National Institutes of Health, Lab of Physical & Structural Biology, NICHHD, 2005.

University of Edinburgh, Department of Chemistry, 2005.

University of Tokyo, Komaba Campus, Dept. of Life Sciences, Inst. of Physics, 2005.

Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Department of Chemical Engineering, 2005.

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, 2005.

Boston  College, Department of Chemistry, 2005.

Arizona State University, Biodesign Institute, 2005.

Konan University, FIBER, 2005.

University of Pennsylvania, Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 2006.

Hauptman-Woodward Institute, Inaugural Lecture, 2006.

MIT,  Department of Biological Engineering, 2006.

University of Mainz, Institute for Physical Chemistry, 2006.

University of Western Ontario, Department of Computer Science, 2006.

University of Melbourne, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 2006.

University of California, Berkeley, Department of Bioengineering, 2006.

University of Dortmund, Department of Chemistry, 2006.

Ruhr University, Bochum, Department of Chemistry, 2006.

SUNY/Stony Brook, Department of Ecology and Evolution, 'Living World' Series, 2006.

J. W. Göthe University, Institute of Biochemistry, 2006.

American Museum of Natural History, Art-Science Collision, 2006.

Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, 2007.

Oxford University, Department of Physics, 2007.

Université de Montréal, Department of Chemistry, 2007.

United States Military Academy, Chemistry Department, 2007.

Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chemistry Department, 2007.

University of Illinois at Chicago, Bioengineering Department, 2007.

Weizmann Institute of Science, Chemistry Department, 2007.

Physics Laboratory, National Institutes of Standards and Technology, 2008.

Indian Institute of Science, Physics Department, 2008.

St, Johns University, Chemistry Department, 2008.

Polytechnic University, Chemical Engineering Department, 2008.

University of Virginia, Physics Department, 2008.

Stevens Institute of Technology, Physics Department, 2008.

Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, 2008.

NIH Center for Cancer Research, Nanobiology Program, 2008.

Macquarie University, Dean's Colloquium, 2008.

Division of Polymer Chemistry and Bioengineering, Groningen University, 2008.

Brown Univ., Institute of Molecular & Nanoscale Innovation and Chem. Dept., 2008.

Distinguished Lecture, Viterbi School of Engineering, Univ. Southern California, 2009.

Northwestern University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 2009.

Columbia University, Nanoscale Science & Technology Center, 2009.

University of Joensuu, Physics Department, 2009.

Aarhus University, Centre for DNA Nanotechnology, 2009.

University of Pennsylvania, Chemistry Department, 2009.

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Department, 2009.

Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Pharmacology Department, 2010.


Adelphi University, Chemistry Department, 2010.

University of Washington, Chemistry Department, 2010.

The Scripps Research Institute, 2010.

MIT, Department of Biology (Alexander Rich Lecture), 2010.

University of Milan Bicocca, Materials Research Department, 2010.

NIDDK, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, 2010.

AMOLF, Amsterdam, 2010.

NTNU, Trondheim, Department of Mathematics, 2010.

Imperial College, Department of Chemistry, 2010.

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Center for Nonlinear Systems, 2011.

Boise State University, Materials Science and Engineering, 2011.

City College of New York, CUNY, Department of Chemistry, 2011.

Distinguished Science Lecture, Bard College, 2011.

Indian Institute of Science, Department of Physics, 2011.

National Center for Biological Sciences, Bangalore 2011.

Seymour Rothchild Lecture, Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, 2012.

SINANO, Suzhou, 2012.

DESY, Hamburg, 2012.

Colorado State University, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2012.

University of Pittsburgh, Department of Chemistry, 2012.

Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, 2012.

Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Department of Chemical Engineering, 2012.

Purdue University, Department of Chemistry, 2012.

City College of New York, Department of Physics, 2012.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2013.

Thirty-Fifth Two Genes Memorial Lecture, Northwestern University, 2013.

Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 2013.

State University of New York, New Paltz, 2013.

Institute of Advanced Study, 2013.

Naval Research Laboratory, 2013.

Argonne National Laboratory, Center for Nanoscale Materials, 2013.

Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience, 2013.

Caltech, Materials Group, 2014.

University of Bielefeld, Physics Department, 2014.

Herta Leng Lecture, Physics Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2014.

Cherry Emerson Lecture, School of Chemistry, Georgia Tech, 2014.

McGill University, Chemistry Department, 2014.

Université de Montréal, Department of Chemistry, 2014.

Concordia University, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, 2014.

Fraunhofer Institute, Leipzig, 2014.

Julius Stieglitz Memorial Lecture, University of Chicago, 2014.

Wyss Institute, Boston, 2014.

E.I. Du Pont de Nemours, Wilmington, CRDD, 2014.

Syracuse University, Department of Chemistry, 2014.

Yale University, School of Engineering and Applied Science, 2014.

Oklahoma State University, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, New Delhi, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, Hyderabad, 2014.

Jagadish Bose National Science Talent Search, Kolkata, 2014.

Jagadish Chandra Bose Triennial Gold Medal Lecture, Kolkata, 2014.

Wellcome Lecturer, DNA at 70, Shantiniketan, 2015.

Hebrew University, Institute of Chemistry, Jerusalem, 2015.

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Department of Physics, 2015.

Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM, 2015.

ETH-Basel, Department of Biosystems Science and Bioengineering, 2015.

Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2015.

East China Normal University, Department of Chemistry, 2015.

New York University, Shanghai, Department of Chemistry, 2015.

Fudan University, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, 2015.

Texas Woman's University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 2015.


Intramural Seminars:


SUNY/Albany, Institute of Biomolecular Stereodynamics, 1978.

SUNY/Albany, Department of Biological Sciences, 1982.

SUNY/Albany, Department of Biological Sciences, 1986.

New York University, Department of Biology, 1991.

New York University, Draper Chemical Society, 1998.

New York University, Department of Chemistry, 1998.

New York University, Faculty of Arts & Science, Sokol Award Lecture, 1999.

New York University, Society of Engineering Students, 2003.

New York University, Department of Physics, 2004.

New York University, Draper Chemical Society, 2005.

New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, H79.2486, Art-Science Collisions, 2009.

New York University, Department of Biology, 2010.

New York University, Structural Biology, 2013.

New York University, Science on the Square, 2014.



Extramural Classroom Lectures:


Tufts University Medical School, Biochemistry Department (2), 1973.

Georgia Institute of Technology, Physics Department, 1977.

Albany Medical College, Biochemistry Department, 1985.

New York University, Chemistry Department, 1988.

Rutgers University, Chemistry Department, 1993, 1995.

Scripps Research Institute, Chemistry Department, 1995.

University of Rochester, Chemistry Department, 1995.

New York University Medical School, Skirball Institute, 1995.


Extramural Film and Videotape Presentations:


IUCr IX, Kyoto, 1972.

IUCr X, Amsterdam, 1975.

GTE Laboratories, Waltham, 1975.

University of California at San Francisco, 1978.

Craven Symposium, Pittsburgh Diffraction Conference, Athens, GA, 1997.


Extramural Presentations to Non-Technical Audiences:


Technology Transfer Conference, Keynote Speaker, Queens, NY, 1993.

New York Academy of Sciences, Junior Academy, Lecturer, New York, NY, 1994.

Thundergulch, [email protected], New York, NY 1998.

Art/Sci '98, Cooper Union, Panelist, New York, NY, 1998.

ASCI, New York, NY, Lecturer, 2000.

Entertaining Science, Cornelia Street Cafe, presenter, 2003.

Redshift Improvisational Theater Group, 2004 (2).

Staples High School Science Symposium, 2005.

FUSE TV, 2007.

William H. Nichols Symposium Banquet, 2008.



External Support:


Current Research Support:


MURI:  Near and Far-Field Interfaces to DNA-Guided Nanostructures from RF to Light Wave: Exploiting the Spectrum, Army Research Office, Subcontractor, W911NF-11-1-0024, $110,000, 2011-2016, 2%.


MURI:  Conductive DNA Systems and Molecular Devices, Office of Naval Research, Subcontractor, N00014-11-1-0729, $200,000, 2011-2016, 2%.


COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH:  Active DNA Assembly of Aperiodic Structures, National Science Foundation, PI, CCF-1117210, $98,600, 2011-2014, 2%.


Self-Assembly and Self-Replication of Novel Materials from Particles with Specific Recognition, Department of Energy, DE-SC0007991, Subcontractor, $39372, 2012-2015, 2%.


ODISSEI: Foldable Self-Replicating DNA Nanostructures for Organization of Functional Nanomaterials and 3D Meta-Material Assembly, National Science foundation, Subcontractor, EFRI-1332411, $70,000/yr, 2013-2018 2%.


Self Replication with Mobility, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Subcontractor, 3849, $48,516/yr T.D.C., 2%.



Previous Research Support: 



SNM: Electronically Controlled Surface Assembly of DNA Nanostructures, National Science Foundation, Subcontractor, 1120890, $100,000, 2011-2014, 2%.


MURI:  DNA-Based Three Dimensional Nanofabrication, Office of Naval Research, Subcontractor, N000140911118, $80,000/yr, 2009-2013, 2%.



The Interaction of Teratogens with Mammalian Sperm Chromatin, PI, March of Dimes, Basil O'Connor Award # 5-215, 1978-1981, $20,000/year, T.C.


Structure and Recognition of Nucleic Acids in 3-D, PI, NIH, GM-26467, 1979-1982, about $20,000/year, T.D.C.


Physical Chemistry of Recombinational Intermediates,

Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health, R37 GM-29554, 

1982-1985, about $48,000/year T.D.C.,

1985-1988, about $109,000/year T.D.C.,

1988-1993, about $133,000/year T.D.C.,

1993-1997, about $152,000/year T.D.C,

1997-2001, about $175,000/year, T.D.C.

2001-2005, $200,000/year, T.D.C.

2005-2013, $225,000/year, T.D.C. (~$346,500/year T.C.) (MERIT)


Biophysics of Recombinational Intermediates, RCDA, NIH, ES-00117, 1982-1987, $53,356/year T.D.C.


Prototyping Biomolecular Computations, Subcontractor, National Science Foundation and Defense Advanced Research Projects

Agency, NSF-CCR-97-25021 1997-2000, $100,000/year, T.C.


DNA Nanotechnology for Massive Information Storage, Principal Contractor, Air Force Research Laboratory at Rome, NY, F30602-98-C-0148,

1998-2000, $150,000/year, T.C.


Nanoscale:  Self-Assembly of Nanoparticle Arrays Using Two-Dimensional DNA Crystals, Subcontractor, National Science Foundation, CTS-9986512, 2000-2002, $40,000/year, T.C.


Multidimensional DNA-Based Nanoarrays, Subcontractor, DARPA/AFOSR, F30602-01-2-0561, 2001-2004, $379,000/Year, T.C., 20%


Macromolecular Design:  Structural Engineering of Biomaterials on the Nanometer Scale, Principal Investigator, Office of Naval Research, 


1989-1991, $75,000/year, T.C.,

1991-1994, $100,000/year, T.C.,

1994-1997, $100,000/year, T.C.


1997-2001, $100,000/year, T.C.

2001-2004, $120,000/year, T.C., 5%


NIRT:  DNA-Based Nanomechanical Devices, National Science Foundation, PI, CTS-0103002, 2001-2005, $375,000/year, T.C., 5%


SGER:  Feasibility Study of DNA-Directed Polymer Synthesis, PI, CTS-0548774, 2005-2006, $200,000, T.C., 2%.


Self-Assembly of DNA Nano-Scale Structures for Computation, National Science Foundation, Subcontractor, EIA-0086015, 2000-2005, $118,500/year, T.C., 5%


Commercial Applications of Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Nanoscience Technologies, Inc., PI, 2003-2006, $331,558/year, T.C., 2%.


Programmable Finite State Machines Achieved by DNA Self-Assembly, National Science Foundation, PI, CCF-0432009, 2004-2007, $100,000/yr. T.C. (average), 2%.


DOE-NYNBIT, Self-Assembled DNA Arrays and Devices for Diverse Structural Patterning, Subcontractor, 2006-2007, $60,000, 2%.



DNA-Based Photonic Bandgap Structures and Devices, Army Research Office, PI, 48681-EL, $175,000/yr, 2005-2008, T.C., 2%.


NANO: EMT: Revolutionary 3D Nanoarchitectures to Organize the Assembly of Computing Elements, National Science Foundation, PI, CCF-0523290, 2005-2008, $100,000/yr, T.C., 2%.


NIRT: Active Nanostructures for Nucleic Directed Synthesis of Organic Functional Polymers, National Science Foundation, PI, CTS-0608889, 2006-2010, $375,000/yr, T.C. 2%.


Self-Replicating Materials.  One of Four Investigators, W. M. Keck Foundation, $1,200,000, T.C. 2007-2009, 2%.


Collaborative Research: EMT:  Programmable Molecular Movements, National Science Foundation, PI, CCF-0726378, $100,000/yr, T.C. 2007-2010, 2%.


DNA Crystal Based Advanced  Architecture for Biomolecular Optoelectronics, Army Research OfficeW911FF-08-C-0057,  via Pegasus Corporation, Subcontractor, $115,000/yr, 2008-2012, T.C., 2%.


MURI:  Biologically Assembled Quantum Electronic Arrays, Army Research Office, Subcontractor, W911NF-07-1-0439, $145,000/yr, 2007-2012, 2%.



Previous Equipment Grants:


Purchase of Automated X-ray Diffractometer System, Core User, NIH, GM-27459, 1979-1981, $149,000 T.D.C.


A SUNY Beam Port on NSLS at Brookhaven , Member of SUNY PRT, DOE, DEAC0280ER10759, 1980-, $850,000 construction, $100,000/year support (non-SUNY member of PRT, 1988-).


Laboratories for Biomolecular Imaging, One of Four Investigators, W. M. Keck Foundation, $1,000,000, 1990.


Purchase of An Atomic Force Microscope for DNA Nanotechnology, NSF, PI, DMR-01138790, 2001-2002 $90,000, T.C., 0% 






** Indicates that the work was the central focus of the article.

* Indicates that the work was discussed in a wider context.

#n Corresponds to bibliography serial number(s).


**1. Anonymous, Turning a Corner in Nucleic Acid Structural Studies, Nature 233, News & Views, 93-93 (1971), #3.


**2. Anonymous, Doubling Back on RNA, Nature New Biology 233, News & Views, 66-66 (1971), #3.


**3. Watson Fuller, Double Helix in Single Crystals, Nature 243, News & Views, 114-114 (1973), #10 (including a cover picture).


*4. Stephen Neidle, Drugs and Nucleic Acids, Nature 255,News & Views, 190-191 (1975), #14.


*5. Beverly Griffin, Eukaryotic mRNA, Nature 263, News & Views, 188-190 (1976), #18.


*6. Hamilton Smith, Nucleotide Sequence Specificity of Restriction Endonucleases, Science 205 Nobel Address, 455-462 (1979), #18.


**7. Anonymous, Doing Geometry Constructions with DNA, Science News 136, 126-126 (1989), #58.


**8. Anonymous, DNA Fabricated into Cubes, Chemical & Engineering News 69 (16), Science Concentrates, 27-27, (1991), #69.


**9. Anonymous, DNA Strands form Molecular Scaffolding, Science News 139 (16), 246-246, (1991), #69.


*10. David Freedman, Exploiting the Nanotechnology of Life, Science 254News Reports, 1308-1310 (1991), #47, #69.


*11. Andrew Pollack, Atom by Atom, Scientists Build 'Invisible' Machines of the Future, The New York Times Nov. 26, C1, C10 (1991), #69.


**12. Anonymous, Get Knotted, Nature 353, News & Views, 303-303, (1991), #72.


*13. Robert Langreth, Why Scientists are Thinking Small, Popular Science 242 (4), 71-75, 108 (1993), #30, #32, #47, #69.


*14. Lance Frazer, Through the Looking Glass:  Nanotechnology, Hemispheres, May, 79-80 (1993), #30, #32, #47, #69, #75, #76.


*15. Ivan Amato, Designer Solids:  Haute Couture in Chemistry, Science 260Research News, 753-755 (1993), #30, #32, #58, #69, #75, #76.


**16. Roald Hoffmann, DNA as Clay, American Scientist 82 (4), 308-311 (1994), #30, #32, #69, #72, #75, #86, #100.


*17. Ron Dagani, Linked-Ring Molecules Wow Chemists with their Elegance and Complexity, Chemical & Engineering News 72 (35),28-34 (1994), #47, #69, #75, #78, #86, #100.


**18. Erick Vermeulen, Bouwwerken van DNA (in Dutch), Natuur & Techniek 62 (11), 882-884 (1994), #69, #72, #75, #86, #100.


**19. Musa Mhlanga, Protein Crystals and Bioelectronic Arrays, Bio/Technology 13, 441-441 (1995), #47, #83, #100 (including a cover picture).


*20. Philip Ball, Towards a Synthetic Dragonfly, Nature 375, News and Views, 101-102 (1995), #32, #69, #100.


*21. Von Michael Gross, Unkonventionelle Anwendungeng des Erbsubstanz-Moleküls DNA (in German), Spektrun der Wissenschaft,August 1995, 16-18 (1995), #69, #72, #75, #86, #100.


*22. Charles Platt, The Museum of Nanotechnology, Wired Scenarios (Special Edition), 102-103, 144 (1995), #47.


**23. Günther Stoll, Von Würfeln, Knoten und DNA-Maschinen (in German), Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung 135 (38), 72-74 (1995) #47, #69, #100.


*24. Anonymous, Incredible Shrinking People, The Economist, 85-86, Dec. 2 (1995), #69, #100.


*25. Ivars Peterson, Computing with DNA, Science News 150, 26-27 (1996), #69, #72, #79, #100, #103, #114.


**26. Robert Pool, Dr. Tinkertoy, Discover 18 (2), 50-57 (1997),  #30, #32, #69, #75, #98, #100, #105, #111.


*27. Reid Kanaley, Teeny-Tiny Technology, Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb 20, F1, F4 (1997), #69, #100, #110, #111.


*28. Christof M. Niemeyer, DNA as a Material for Nanotechnology, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 36, 585-587 (1997), #32, #44, #47, #51, #58, #69, #70, #78, #100, #101, #110, #111.


*29. Anonymous, The Lure of the Very Small, Discover 18 (7), 56-57 (1997),  #30, #32, #58, #69, #70, #100, #111.


*30. Jürgen Rink, Geschüttelt, Nicht Gerührt! (in German), C'T, Magazin für Computer Technik, July, 1997, 112-117, #69.


*31. Sarah Yang, Atomic Tinkertoys, San Jose Mercury News, Section F, Nov. 25, 1997, #32.


**32. Carlos Ribiero, What You Never Knew About DNA,, December, 1997, #69, #100, #114.


**33. Andrew Ellington, DNA as Lego,, March, 1998, #32, #69, #70, #79, #80, #110, #111, #114.


**34. Mo Krochmal, At Ground Level, One Scientist's Nano View, Techweb,, May, 1998, #136.


**35. Corinna Wu, Tiles of DNA Assemble with a Designer Fit, Science News 154, 85-85 (1998), #125.


**36. Ron Dagani, DNA Tiles Assemble into 2-D Crystals, Chemical & Engineering News 76 (32), August 10, 1998, 31-31, #125.


*37. Jürgen Rink, Meisterhafte Kleinarbeit (in German), C'T, Magazin für Computer Technik, October, 1998 (21), 104-116, #69, #125.


**38. Dean A. Haycock, DNA Shaping Up as Construction Material for Nanotechnology, Bioworld 10 (10), January 15, 1999, 1, 5, #134.


**39. Maureen Rouhi, Molecular Machines, Chemical & Engineering News 77 (03), January 18, 1999, #134.


**40. Kristin Philipkoski, Will Robots Sail Your Veins?,,Jan 16, 1999, #134.


*41. Glenn McGee, The Merging of Man and Machine,, Jan 16, 1999, #134.


*42. Jeffrey Soreff, Recent Progress, Steps Toward Nanotechnology,, January, 1999, #125.


**43. Anonymous, New Twist for Nanotechnology,, January 13, 1999, #134.


**44. James Lewis, A Nanomechanical Device Based on Conformation Change in a Rigid DNA Structure,, Jan 16, 1999, #134.


**45. Rick Callahan, Machine Crafted out of DNA, Associated Press and, Jan 15, 1999, #134.


**46. Anonymous, NYU Scientists Build Nano-Robotic "Arm" Prototype from Synthetic DNA, Science Daily,,  Jan, 14, 1999, #134.


**47. Anonymous, Nanobot Made from Synthetic DNA, Inside R&D Alert, Jan 22, 1999, #134.


**48. David Rotman, Nanofacturing with DNA? Technology  Review 102(2), March/April, 1999, #125.


**49. Anonymous, 'Mini-Roboter' aus DNS-Strängen, C'T 1999 (3), p. 41, #134.


**50. David Kohn, 'Designing with Molecular Lego', Newsday March 23, 1999, p. C11, #69, #100, #134.


**51. Anonymous, 'DNA-Based Nanomechanical Device Developed at NYU', Intelligence, The Future of Computing, May, 1999, p. 6., #134.


*52. Nadia S. Halim, 'DNA:  From Living Cells to Electronic Hardware', The Scientist 13(16), Aug 16, 1999, p. 14, #134.



**53. Svante Karlsson, 'Konstgjort DNA - Framtidens Fabrik' (in Swedish) Reportage Söndag, Section B., Sydsvenskan, April 04, 2000, #69, #134.


*54. Steve Lehnert, 'DNA Energy Transfer II',, 2000, #47, #133.


*55. Robert A. Freitas, Jr, 'Say "Ah!"', The Sciences 40(4), 2000, 26-31, #69, #100.


*56. Ron Dagani, 'Building From the Bottom Up',  Chemical & Engineering News 78 (42), October 16, 2000, 27-32, #125, #134, #150.


**57. Jürgen Rink, 'Logisches Gatter aus selbst organisierenden DNA-Molekülen' (in German),  C't 2000 (22), 56-57, #150.


*58. Laura Sivitz, 'When the Chips are Down',  Science News 158, 350-351, Nov. 25, 2000, #47, #135.


*59. Jeffrey Soreff, 'Steps Toward Nanotechnology', Foresight Update 44, 6-10, May, 2001, #152.


*60. Cees Dekker & Mark Ratner, 'Electronic properties of DNA', Physics World 14(8), 29-33, August 2001, #69, #72, #114, #125, #131.


**61. Ginger Oppenheimer, 'NYU Scientists One Stop Closer to Nanorobots", OE Magazine, January 10, 2002, #155.


**62. Kimberly Patch, 'Morphing DNA makes motor', TRN News,, January 16, 2002, #155.


**63. Richard Terra, "Seeman Lab at NYU reports advance on DNA nano-devices",, Jan 02, 2002, #155.


**64. Anonymous, "DNA Nanorobots", Materials Today, March. 2002, #155.


**65. Jim Lewis, "A Better DNA Motor", Foresight Update 48, 7-8, 2002, #155.


*66. Alexandra Strikemen, "Nano Biomaterials", Technology Review  Nov. 2002, 35, #125, #32, #47.


*67. Kevin Coughlin, "'Nanotech Valley':  Wee science, huge potential.", Newark Star-Ledger, October 24, 2002, 49, 55, #140.


*68. Scott R. Burnell, "Biology aiding nanotech researchers", UPI Science News,  Dec. 13, 2002, #47, #69, #100, #125.


**69. R. Colin Johnson, "DNA molecules for nanodevice scaffolding", EE Times, Feb 28, 2003, #163.


*70. Andrew Turberfield, "DNA as an engineering material", Physics World 16 (3), 43-46, 2003, #69, #100.


*71. Celia M. Henry, "The Chemical Side of the Double Helix," Chem. & Eng. News81 (10), 49-60 (2003), #32, #69, #125.


*72. Rick Mullin, "The Science Scene in Greenwich Village", Chem. & Eng. News 81(21), 32-33 (2003).


**73. Celia Henry, "DNA wears nylon", Chem. & Eng. News 81 (35), 28-28 (2003), #173.


**74. Karol Jalochowski, "DNA:  nie tylko biologia", ´Swiat Nauki 2003 (9), 10-12 #69, #125.


*75. A. Goho, "Snappy DNA", Sci. News. 165, (2004) 99-100, #69.


*76. Karen F. Schmidt, "Nature's tiny helping hands,", U.S. News & World Report, Jan 12, 2004, 46-47.


**77. Jenny Hogan, "DNA Robot Takes its First Steps," New Scientist, May 08, 2004, 22-23, #187.  Dozens of spinoff stories in the world press.


**78. Jim Akin, "Nanotechnology Size Matters", PC Magazine, July 13, 2004, #187.


*79. Andrew Scott, "DNA Branches into Nanotech", Chem. World,, #32, #134.


**80. Anonymous, "Laufender DNA-Roboter", C't, May 17, 2004, 37-37, #187.


**81. Alexandra Goho, "DNA Puts its Best Foot Forward", Science News 165, 382-382, #187.


*82. Erik J. Lerner, "Biomimetic nanotechnology.", The Industrial Physicist 10 (4), 16-19, #32, #111, #134, #166.


**83. Martin Egli, "'Deoxyribo Nanonucleic Acid':  Antiparallel, Parallel and Unparalleled", Chemistry & Biology 11, 1027-1029 (2004), #190. 


*84. Philip Ball, "Chemical Biology:  A Molecular Stress Gauge", Nature 431, 412-412 (Sept. 23, 2004), #191.


*85. Bennett Daviss, "Alternative Energy for Biomotors,", The Scientist 18(18), 26-27 (Sept 27, 2004), #187.


**86. Hao Yan, "Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology", Science 306,  2048-2049 (2004), #192.


**87. Ricky James, "Artificial Ribosome, Key Component in DNA Computing Developed",, #192.


*88. Anonymous, "DNA May Hold Key to Information Processing and Data Storage",, #193.


**89. Michiel van Niewstadt, ""Apparaatje ter Grootte van een Virus Schakelt Moleculen Aaneen", Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, Dec 18/19, 2004, #192.


**90. Liz Kalaugher, "DNA Nanomachine Helps Build Polymers", Nanotechweb, file://localhost/Users/ned/Desktop/File/nanotechweb.ribosome.html, Jan 05, 2005, #192.


*91. Charles Q. Choi, "Nano World:  DNA Meets Nanotechnology", SpaceDaily,, Jan 18, 2005, #192.


**92. Anonymous, "Nanomachine Capable of Performing DNA Translation", Biotechnology News, Jan 06, 2005, #155, #192.


**93. Anonymous, "Molecular Manufacturing:  A machine built out of DNA", Technology Review, April, 2005, p. 86., #192.


**94. Monya Baker, "Nanotechnology, Molecular Manufacturing, A Machine built out of DNA,", #192.


**95. Eric Smalley, "View from the High Ground",, Interview.


**96. Spencer Reiss, "Design by DNA", Technology Review, June 2005, 24.  # 47, #125, #134, #185.


**97. Kim Patch, "DNA Machine Links Molecules",, #192.


*98. Michael Schirber,"Making Factories and Computers with DNA" MSNBC, June 21, 2006,, # 32, #100, #187.


**99. Anna Salleh, "World's Smallest Bit of Nylon,", July 31, 2006, #173, #209.


**100. Michael Berger, "RNA Used to Control a DNA Machine,", #216.


*101. Walter Fontana, "Pulling Strings," Science 314. 1552-1553 (2006), #215.


**102. Tracy Staedter, "DNA Robot Waves at the Future,", #215.


*103. J.R. Minkel, "DNA Strands Weaved into High-Complexity Logic Gates and Multiple 'Robot Arms'",, #215.


**104. Liz. Kalaugher, "DNA arm gives nanorobotics a hand,", #215.


**105. Anonymous, "Moving Toward Molecular Machines,", #215.


**106. Michael Berger, "DNA Device to Operate within DNA Sequence", http:/, #155, #192, #215, #216.


*107. Nigel Cameron, "Tiny Tech Gets a Grip.  ", #216.


**108. Celeste Biever, "Nanoscale Robots Built from DNA", New Scientist, Dec 16, 2006, 26, #215.



*109. Christoph Adami, "Biological Programming", Nature 446, 263-264, Mar 15, 2007, #32.


**110. Paul Paukstelis & Andrew D. Ellington, "In vivo cloning of artificial DNA nanostructures," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 105, 17593-17594, Nov 18, 2008, #232.


**111. Ai Lin Chun, "DNA Nanostructures:  Replication with Viruses," Nature Nanotech. 3,  Oct 31, 2008 707-708, #232.


**112. Chuan Zhang & Chengde Mao, "Bacteria as Factories," Nature Nanotech. 3, 707-708, Dec 12, 2008, #232.


*113. Richard Jones, "Why Nanotechnology Needs Better Polymer Chemistry," Nature Nanotech. 3, 699-700. Dec 12, 2008, #232.


**114. Nicole Rusk, "DNA nanostructures go 'Live,'" Nature Methods 5, 994-994.  December, 2008, #232.


**115. Anonymous, "Chemists Create Two-Armed  Nanorobotic Device to Maneuver World's Tiniest Particles." Science Daily, Feb. 15, 2009, #233.


**116. Jesse Emspak, "Nanotechnology May Have Found Its Henry Ford."  Christian Science Monitor, Mar 27, 2009, #233.


**117. William B. Sherman, "Building a Better Nano-Biped."  Science 324, 46-47 (2009)., #237.


**118. Henry Fountain, "Experiment Shows Molecules can Walk, but Can they Dance?", New York Times 157, April 07, 2009, Science Times, D3, #237.


*118. Michael Gross, "Is DNA Nanotechnology Coming of Age?", Chemistry World 6 (4), 50-53 (2009), #69.


**120. Roberta Kwok, "Biophysics:  DNA Made for Walking."  Nature 458, 682-682 (2009), #237.


*121. Robert Lee Hotz, "Gene Expression:  Origami at the Molecular Level." Wall Street Journal June 5, 2009, #32, #233.


**122. Michael Berger, "DNA Piston,", June 11,2009, #243, #237.


**123. Rob Goodier, "Tiny Robotic Assembly Lines,",   July 02, 2009, #233.


**124. Vincent M. Rotello, "Hot and Sticky or Cold and Aloof." Nature Materials 8, 539-540 (2009), #240.


*125. Michael Eisenstein, "Self-Assembling DNA Makes Super 3-D Nanomachines," Wired,,  August 06, 2009, #32,  #69, #100, #237.


*126. Anonymous, "Scientists Reach from The Molecular to The Real World with Creation of 3-D DNA Crystals, Science Daily, September 02, 2009,, #239.


**127. Nina Notman, "Designing 3D DNA Crystals", Chemistry World, September 03, 2009,, #243.


**128. Elizabeth Wilson, "DNA Nanostructures," Chemistry & Engineering News 87, 14-14, September 07, 2009 #243.


**129. Anonymous, "Chemists Reach from the Molecular to the Real World with Creation of 3D Crystals,",, September 24, 2009, #243.


**130. Anonymous, "DNA in 3D," Nature Chem. 1, 594-594 (2009), #243.


**131. David Goodsell, "Designed DNA Crystal,", #243.


**132. Olivia Koski, "3D DNA Nanostructures,", #243.


**133. Clemens Ricert, Martin Meng & Arunoday Singh, "Designed DNA Crystals:  Triangles with Short Sticky ends," Small 5, 2782-2783 (2009), #243.


**134. Anonymous, New York Nanoscale:  "Robot Arm Places Atoms and Molecules with 100% Accuracy.", Jan 12, 2010, #233.


**135. Anonymous, "About the cover" PDB Annual Report, 2-2 (2009), #243.


*136. Erick Vermeulen, "De dna-bouwers," Natur, Wetenschap & Tekniek, March, 05, 2010, #32.


*137. Lloyd M. Smith, "Molecular Robots on the Move," Nature 465, 167-168 (2010), #250.


*138. Jef Akst, "DNA Robots get Sophisticated," The Scientist 12 May, 2010,, #250.


*139. Robert Lee Hotz, "Scientists Trumpet Advanced Robots," The Wall Street Journal, May 13, 2010, page 3, #250.


*140. Bethany Halford, "Rise of the DNA Robots," Chemistry and Engineering News, May 12, 2010, #250.


*141. Andrew Turley, "DNA Nanotech," Chemistry and Industry, May 13, 2010, #250.


*142. Jon Cartwright, "DNA Robots Move with Purpose",, May 14, 2010, #250.


*143. Tim Hornyak "DNA Robots Spin Gold in Molecular Factory," Crave,, #250.


*144. Nun˜o Domínguez, "Nanorobots Para un Mundo Perfecto," Publico, May 17, 2010, 27-29, #250.


*145. Caspar Llewellyn Smith, Dennis Shasha: Nature can improve our computers, The Observer, August 22, 2010, #32, #250.


*146. Gwenyth Dickey, "DNA on the Move," Science News 178(6), September 11, 2010,, #250.


**147. Anonymous, "DNA Tiles Yield Bigger Arrays," Nature 468, 349-349, November 18, 2010, #259.


**148. James Urquhart, "SNPs on Display," Chemistry World January 20, 2011,, #260.


*149. Robert Service, "DNA Nanotechnology Grows Up," Science 332, 1140-1143, June 03, 2011, #32, #69, #243.


*150, Robert Service, "Next Step:  DNA Robots?" Science 332, 1142, June 04, 2011, #250.


**151. Rebecca Boyle, "Structural Self-Replication Based on DNA Could Create New Materials," Popular Science October 17, 2011,, #263.


**152. S. Ananthanarayanan, "Doing it Like DNA" The Statesman Kolkata, October 19, 2011, #263.


**153. Anonymous, "Self-Replication Process Holds Promise for Production of New Materials," Science Daily Oct 12, 2011,, #263.


**154. Anonymous, "Self-Replication Achieved Using Structural DNA Nanotechnology," Foresight Blog Archive,, (2011),  #263.


**155. Greg van Anders & Sharon Glotzer, "The World's Smallest Assembly Line," Nature Chemistry 4, 79-80 (2012), #264, #265.


*156. Ed Young, "DNA origami gets into the fold of drug delivery",, Tuesday 15 May 2012, #69.


*157. Anonymous, "Molecular Velcro," APS,, #275.


*158. Anonymous, "Limited Flavors for DNA-Linked Particles," Chem. & Eng. News Oct 29, 20 (2012), #274. 


*159. Rachel Nuwer, "Harnessing Control of DNA's Information to Build Artificial Nucleic Acid Structures,", Materials360 Online, #243, 253.


*160. Glenn Roberts, "SLAC Laser Explores New Uses for DNA Building Blocks," SLAC Today, Mar 12, 2013, #243.


*161. Bell Dume, "DNA Nanotube Scaffolds for Nanoelectronics," Nanotechweb,, June 4, 2014, #287.


*162. Hank Daniszewski, "Exploring the Digital You," The London Free Press, July 17, 2014, #32, #47, #243.


**163. Anonymous, "Twist, Stick, Fold", Biomedical Picture of the Day, August 06, 2014,, # 287.


*164. Patrick McCray, "DNA:  From Blueprint to Brick" Leaping Robot Blog, September 28, 2014, #32.


*165. Jamie Kondliff, "What Will the Future of Molecular Manufacturing Really Be Like,", February 18, 2015, #32, #250.


*166. Mark Peplow, "March of the Machines", Nature 525, 18-21 (2015), #250.



**167. Belle Dumé, "Paranemic Cohesion Binds DNA Strands,", Sept 28, 2015, #299, #300.






SUNY/Albany, Department of Biology 1977-1988:


Individuals Supervised:


Edward Murphy, 1978-1981, Technician.

Robert D. Rosenstein, 1979-1981, Postdoctoral.

Stephen Carmack, 1981, Computer Consultant.

Ellen Worthing, 1982, Technician.

Martha Dalton, 1982-1983, Technician.

Anthony Cofrancesco, 1983-1984, Postdoctoral.

Carol Valente, 1983-1984, Postdoctoral.

Richard D. Sheardy, 1984-1986, Visiting Professor.

Chung-Chu Hwang, 1985-1986, Technician.

Colin J. Newton, 1986-1987, Postdoctoral.

Mary Petrillo Slingluff, 1986-1987, Technician.

Joseph Maiorella, 1986-1987, Technician.

Peggy Mulligan, 1987-1988, Technician.



Graduate Students:


Kathleen A. McDonough, M.S., 1985.

Junghuei Chen, M.S., 1987.

John E. Mueller, Ph.D., 1991, #2.



Thesis Committees:


John E. Mueller, M.S., Biology, 1981.

Nancy Casna, Ph.D., Biology, 1983.

Nadya Lumelsky, Ph.D., Biology, 1984.

Ray Volpe, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1986.

Wasfi Attalla, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1986.

Gregg Hastings, Ph.D., Biology, 1988.

Jonatha Gott, Ph.D., Biology, 1988.

Lothar Krinke, Ph.D., Biology, 1988.

Adriana Verschoor, Ph.D., Biology, 1989.

Ming-Qun Xu, Ph.D., Biology, 1989.



Undergraduate Research Students:


I supervised about 25 undergraduate research students in my laboratory at SUNY/Albany.


Richard Scriven won the Glen Bumpus Award (best undergraduate research in SUNY/Albany Biology Department) for work done in my laboratory, 1986.



New York University, Department of Chemistry (1988-present):



Former Graduate Students, Department of Chemistry:


Junghuei Chen, Ph.D., 1990 (Margaret & Herman Sokol Fellow, 1989-1990), #1.

Tsu-Ju Fu, Ph.D., 1993, #3.

Yuwen Zhang, Ph.D., 1993 (Dissertation Fellow, 1991-1992), #4.

Shou Ming Du, Ph.D., 1994 (Margaret & Herman Sokol Fellow, 1992-1993) (Outstanding Dissertation Award, 1994), #5.

Yinli Wang, Ph.D., 1995, #6.

Jing Qi, Ph.D., 1996, #7.

Bing Liu, Ph.D., 1996, #8.

Hui Wang, Ph.D., 1996 (Margaret & Herman Sokol Fellow, 1994-1995).(Outstanding Dissertation Award, 1996), #9.

Hangxia Qiu, Ph.D., 1997, #10.

Xiaojun Li, Ph.D., 1997, #11.

Xiaoping Yang, Ph.D., 1998 (Margaret & Herman Sokol Fellow, 1997-1998), #12.

Furong Liu, Ph.D., 1998, #13.

Zhiyong Shen, Ph.D., 1999, #14.

Chengde Mao, Ph.D., 1999 (Dissertation Fellow, 1998-1999).(Outstanding Dissertation Award, 1999), #15.

Weiqiong Sun, Ph.D., 1999, #16.

Ruojie Sha, Ph.D., 2000, #17.

Hao Yan, Ph.D., 2001 (Dissertation Fellow, 2000-2001), #18.

Phiset Sa-Ardyen, Ph.D., 2003, #19.

Wanqiu Shen, Ph.D., 2004, #20.

Jens Kopatsch, Ph.D., 2004, #21

Pamela Constantinou, Ph.D. 2005 (Kramer Fellow, 2000-2001), #22.

Xiaoping Zhang, Ph.D., 2005, #23.

Shiping Liao, Ph.D., 2005, #24.

Jeffrey Birac, Ph.D., 2006., #25.

Baoquan Ding, Ph.D., 2006 (Dissertation Fellow, 2004-2005), #26.

Lisa Israel, Ph.D., 2006 (Kramer Fellow, 2002-2003), #27.

Liang Ding, Ph.D., 2006, #28.

Alejandra Garibotti, Ph.D., 2006, #29.

Tong Wang, Ph.D., 2007 (Margaret & Herman Sokol Fellow, 2005-2006), #30.

Hong Zhong, Ph.D., 2007, #31.

Gang Wu, Ph.D., 2007, #32.

Banani Chakraborty, Ph.D., 2008, #33.

Xing Wang, Ph.D., 2008, #34.

Tosan Omabegho, Ph.D., 2009, #35.

Hongzhou Gu, Ph.D., 2009 (Dissertation Fellow, 2008-2009), #36.

Jianping Zheng, Ph.D., 2009, #37.

Risheng Wang, Ph.D., 2009, #38.

Chunhua Liu, Ph.D., 2010 (Excellent Student Paper, DNA-15, 2009), #39.

Yoel Ohayon, Ph.D., 2010, #40.

Tanashaya Ciengshin, Ph.D., 2010, #41.

Hari Krishnaswamy Subramanian, Ph.D., 2010, #42.

Wenyan Liu, Ph.D., 2012, #43.

Dadong Li, Ph.D., 2012 (Dissertation Fellow, 2011-2012), #44.

Anuttara Udomprasert, Ph.D., 2012, #45.

Xinshuai Zhao, Ph.D., 2012, #46.

Nam Nguyen, Ph.D., 2013, #47.

Yuhang Li, Ph.D., 2014, #48.

Dong Niu, Ph.D., 2015, #49.


Arun Richard Chandrasekharan, (Outstanding Grad. Stud. Teaching Award Sci., 2011-2012), Ph.D., 2015, #50.

Uri Kotzer, Ph.D., 2015, #51.



Doctoral Students, Department of Chemistry, Current:


Xiang Gao

Carina Hernandez

Yudong Hao

Yue Zhao


Master's Students, Department of Chemistry


Haotian Wu, M.S., 2014.

Fiona Conn, M.S., 2015.



Other Individuals Supervised:


Siwei Zhang, 1991-1994, Postdoctoral.

John J. Molenda, 1994-1995, Postdoctoral.

Erik Winfree, 1995, Visiting Graduate Student.

Michael Bruist, 1995-1996, Visiting Professor.

Hiroshi Iwasaki, 1996, Visiting Professor.

Lisa Wenzler, 1996-1998, Postdoctoral.

Hui Wang, 1996-1997, Postdoctoral.

Jens Kopatsch, 1998, 2002-2006, Visiting Graduate Student-Postdoc.

Barbara Jäger, 1998, Visiting Graduate Student.

Furong Liu, 1998-2001, Postdoctoral.

Chengde Mao, 1999-2001, Postdoctoral.

Philip Lukeman, 1999-2007, Postdoctoral.

Yariv Pinto, 1999-2003, Postdoctoral.

William Sherman, 2000-2005, Postdoctoral.

Yoel Ohayon, 2000-2001, Technician.

Natasha Jonoska, 2001, Visiting Professor.

Jens Birktoft, 2001-, Senior Research Associate.

Loraine Foley, 2002-2003, Postdoctoral.

Jiwen Zheng, 2002-2006, Postdoctoral.

Andrea Giro, 2002-2003, Visiting Graduate Student.

Gustavo Serrano, 2003, Visiting Undergraduate Student.

Rogelio Snyder, 2003-2004, Technician.

Ruojie Sha, 2003-, Senior Research Associate and Laboratory Manager.

Masayuki Endo, 2005, Visiting Scientist.

Pamela Constantinou, 2005, Postdoctoral.

Xiaoping Zhang, 2005-2006, Postdoctoral.

Shiping Liao, 2005-2006, Postdoctoral.

Akinori Kuzuya, 2005-2007, Postdoctoral.

Cliff Johnson, 2005-2006, Postdoctoral.

Adriana Biasco, 2005, Postdoctoral.

Nils Heimann, 2005, Visiting Graduate Student.

Roberto Rosetti, 2005, Visiting Student.

Youngbaek Kim, 2006-2011, Visiting Scientist.

Jie Chao, 2006-2007, Visiting Graduate Student.

Tim Leidl, 2006, Visiting Graduate Student.

Tong Wang, 2007-2009, Postdoctoral.

Pascal Küpfer, 2007-2008, Postdoctoral.

Thorsten Schmidt, 2007, Visiting Graduate Student.

Daisuke Miyoshi, 2008, Visiting Professor.

Nishen Naidoo, 2009, Visiting Postdoctoral.

Tom Sobey, 2009, Visiting Graduate Student.

Jianping Zheng, 2009-2010, Postdoctoral.

Jennifer Padilla, 2011-2014, Postdoctoral.

Ming Zhou, 2011-2013, Visiting Professor.

Xiaojin He, 2011-2013, Visiting Graduate Student.

Hao Pei, 2013-2015, Postdoctoral.

Martin Kristiansen, 2013-2015, Postdoctoral.

Gias Uddin, 2013- Postdoctoral.

Melissa Santorini, 2014, Visiting Medical Student.

Hong Chen, 2014-2015, Postdoctoral.

Elia Jannett, 2014, Postdoctoral.

Gexiang Zhang, 2015-, Postdoctoral.

Huialin Jiang, 2015-, Postdoctoral.

Pinghua Chen, 2015-, Postdoctoral.


Other Research Students:


Emil Gangian, NYU undergraduate, 1988-89.

Michael Kwong, NYU undergraduate, 1989-90.

Robin Squeo, NYU undergraduate, 1990-91.

Larry Rand, NYU undergraduate, 1991-92.

Kieun Kim, Stuyvesant High School Senior, 1992.

Kolby Jardine, NYU undergraduate, 1998-99.

Mathew McCann, NYU undergraduate, 1998.

Kyoko Hiraoka, Syracuse undergraduate, 1998.

Yewande Henry, Lehman undergraduate, 1998.

Channa Kolb, NYU undergraduate, 1999-2001.

Jamie Gennis, New Rochelle High School Senior, 1999.

Aaron Noelle, NYU undergraduate, 2000.

Amanda Rice, NYU undergraduate, 2001-2002.

Goldwater Scholar, 2002-2003.

Alex Mittal, Greenwich High School Student, 2001-2003.

Second Place, Connecticut State Science Fair, 2002.

United Technologies Corp. Award, 2002.

NASA Award, 2002.

Patent & Trademark Office Society, 2nd Place, 2002.

Intel Foundation Young Scientist Award, 2002.

Intel Foundation Achievement Award, 2002.

Intel ISEF Best of Chemistry Award, 2002.

Intel Chemistry First Award, 2002.

Intel Semi-Finalist, 2003.

ISEF Chemistry, Second Place.

John Sadowski, North Shore High School Student, 2001-2003.

Intel Semi-Finalist, 2003.

ISEF American Chemical Society, First Prize; Third Prize in Biochemistry, 2003.

JSHS, Second Prize in Physical Sciences, 2003.

Robert Barish, Fox Lane High School (Bedford, NY) Student, 2002.

Intel Semifinalist, 2003.

Gustavo Serrano, Catholica (Peru) undergraduate, 2002.

Mary Stevenson, Harvard undergraduate, 2003-2004.

Tobias Schoen, Heidelberg undergraduate, 2003.

Michael O'Connor, NYU undergraduate, 2003-2004.

Shane Mulligan, Staples High School (Westport, CT) Student, 2003-2005.

Siemens-Westinghouse Regional Finalist, 2004.

Intel Connecticut Semifinalist, 2005.

Miriam Boer, NYU undergraduate, 2004-2005.

Meghna Desai, NYU undergraduate, 2004-2005.

Ryan Teekasingh, High School of Economics and Finance (Manhattan), 2005.

Hyabybii Cuevas, High School of Economics and Finance (Manhattan), 2005.

Rebekah Chong, High School of Economics and Finance (Manhattan), 2005.

Maya Madzharova, High School of Economics and Finance (Manhattan), 2005.

Elizabeth Phipps, NYU undergraduate, 2005-2006.

2nd Prize in NYU Science Competition, 2006.

Khwaja A Ahmed, NYU undergraduate, 2005-2006.

Aaron Rifkin, Columbia Preparatory High School Student, 2005-2007.

Xiaoting Tan,, Manhattan International High School Student, 2006-2007.

Zeliang Zheng, Manhattan International High School Student, 2006-2007.

Cynthia-Marie Tolentino, University of California, Davis, Undergraduate, 2006.

Damilola Aghedo, Benjamin Banneker Academy (Brooklyn), 2007.

Joe Kim, NYU undergraduate, 2007-2009.

Peter Liang, NYU undergraduate, 2008-2011.

Undergraduate Research Conference Award, 2011.

Cole Korponay, North Shore High School (Glen Head, NY), 2008-2010.

Intel Semifinalist, 2010.

Jonathon Cai, Exeter High School Student, 2009-2011.

Kristin Silinski, NYU undergraduate, 2009-2011.

Pavan Niel Mahotra, NYU undergraduate, 2009-2010.

Brittany Gelfand, University of Florida, undergraduate, 2009.

Melissa Ingram, NYU undergraduate, 2009-2011.

Kevin Cannon, NYU undergraduate, 2011-2013.

Victoria Adesoba, NYU undergraduate/post-bac, 2012 URS Winner, 2011-2013.

Peter Y. Kim, NYU undergraduate, 2011-2012.

Salman Ahmad, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, DURF, 2013, 2011-2014.

Rachel Nam, NYU undergraduate, 2011-2013.

Esra Demirel, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Sebastian Piombo, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Jee Kim, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Sandra Armanious, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Steven Azzam, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Chien-Rong Chen, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013, DURF, 2013.

Sandhya Manohar, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Malorie Melia, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Michael Mohsen, NYU undergraduate, Dept. Scholar, 2014, 2014 DURF, 2012-.

Jennifer Yoo, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013, DURF, 2013.

Sabrine Obbad, NYU undergraduate, 2012-, DURF, 2013.

Anastasia Scienski, NYU undergraduate, 2012-, DURF, 2013.

Heitham Wady, NYU undergrad, 2013 URS Winner, Two DURFS, 2012-3, 2012-.

Nivedhyta Indranathan, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Rohit Bhan, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Zachary Galasinski, NYU undergraduate, 2012-2013.

Sherry Xia, Bergen (NJ) High School, 2012-2013.

John Mendis, Floral Park Memorial High School, Queens, 2012-2013.

Anne Mendis, Floral Park Memorial High School, Queens, 2012-2013.

Christopher Hillenbrand, Regis High School, Manhattan, 2012-2013.

Sam Moser, John F. Kennedy High School, Bellmore, NY, 2012-2013.

Ashley Griggs, NYU undergraduate, Sloan Competition Advisee, 2012-2013.

Sandeea Rahman, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, 2012-2013.

Munsath Ashraf, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, 2012-2013.

Dong Kim, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, 2012-2013.

Victoria Zlotnikova, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Win, 2013 DURF, 2012-2013.

Meet Barot, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, 2012-2013.

Daniel Simon, NYU undergraduate, 2013 URS Winner, 2012-2013.

Eileen Shannon, NYU undergraduate, 2013 DURF, URC winner, 2014 2012-2014.

Rutu Shah, NYU undergrad,, 2013 DURF, ACS Org.Chm.Award, 2014, 2012-2014.

Amritpal Saini, NYU undergraduate 2013-4 DURF, 2013-2014.

Nina Fisher, NYU undergraduate, 2013-4 DURF, 2013-2014.

Sean Kim, NYU undergraduate, 2013-4 DURF, URC winner, 2014, 2013-2014.

Nicholas Sachs, NYU undergraduate, 2013-, FAST, 2013-2014.

Anthony Osuala, NYU undergraduate, 2013-, CSTEP, 2013-.

Ian Passman, NYU undergraduate, 2014 DURF, 2013-.

Olga Krestyaninova, NYU undergraduate, URC winner, 2014, 2013-.

Chirag Shah, 2014 DURF, 2013-.

JiaJi Lin, 2014 DURF, 2013-.

Xi Luo, 2014 FAST, 2014-.



Fates of Former Graduate Students [NYU papers, patents]:


Kathleen A. McDonough [1].

Ph.D. [Stanley Falkow], Stanford University, 1991.

Postdoc [Barry Bloom], Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1991-1993.

Group Leader, NY State Dept. of Health, 1993- (Tenured, 1996).

Junghuei Chen [18,1].

Postdoc [Nicholas Cozzarelli], University of California, Berkeley, 1990-1995.

Asst. Prof. of Chemistry, University of Delaware, 1995-2001.

Assoc. Prof. of Chemistry, University of Delaware, 2001- (Tenured, 2001).

John E. Mueller [11].

Postdoc [Marlene Belfort], NY State Department of Health, 1991-7.

Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1997-1999.

Praecis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA 1999-.

Research Associate, Texas A&M University, 2003-. 

Tsu-Ju Fu [11].

Postdoc [Peter Geiduschek], University of California, San Diego, 1993-1997.

Tularik, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, 1997-1999.

GenProbe, Inc., San Diego, CA, 1999-2001.

Nanogen, Inc. San Diego, CA, 2001-

Yuwen Zhang [13,2].

Group Leader, MA Bioservices, Inc., Rockville, MD 1995-.

Shou Ming Du [15].

Tularik, Inc. South San Francisco, CA, 1994-1996.

Scriptgen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Medford, MA, 1996-1997.

EG&G Wallac, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, 1997-.

Yinli Wang [8].

Ulano, Inc., Brooklyn, NY, 1995-1998.

Avon Products, 1998-2003.

Revlon Products, 2003-2009.

L'Oreal, 2009-

Jing Qi [9,1].

Postdoc [Hannah Klein], New York University Medical School, 1996-1999.

Instrumentation Chemist, Brooks Industries, South Plainfield, NJ, 1999-.

Bing Liu [8].

Technical Director, Electrocal, Inc., South Windsor CT, 1996-2006.

Technical Director, Kurz Transfer Products, Inc., Charlotte, NC, 2006-.

Hui Wang [12].

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 1996-1997.

Postdoc [Peter Ghazal], Scripps Research Institute, 1997-.

Postdoc [Daniel Branton] Harvard University, 1999-2003.

Research Scientist, Agilent, Inc., 2003-.

Hangxia Qiu [5].

Postdoc [Thomas Bruice], University of California, Santa Barbara, 1995-1996.

Eric Lazarus, Inc., New York, NY, 1997-1998.

Dynecorp, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI, 1998-2003.

HKL Research, Inc., Charlottesville, VA, 2003-2006.

NIH, 2006-

Xiaojun Li [9,1].

Postdoc [Kenneth Marians], Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1997-1999.

Bond Technology, Inc., 1999-2002.

Enfotech, Inc., 2002-.

Xiaoping Yang [13,1]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 1998.

Postdoc [Nancy Kleckner], NIH Fellow, Harvard University, 1999-2001.

Technical Manager, Whitehead Institute, 2001-.

Furong Liu [12,1]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 1998-2001.

Postdoc [Thomas Dever], NIH], 2001-2002.

Barr Laboratories, Pomona, New York, 2002-.

Zhiyong Shen [8, 1a]

TM Bioscience, Inc., Woburn MA, 1998-1999.

Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, 1999-2001.

Genospectra, Inc., Fremont, CA, 2001-2004.

Adeza Biomedical, Sunnyvale, CA, 2004-.

Chengde Mao [12]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 1999-2000.

Postdoc [George Whitesides], Harvard University, 2001-2002.

Asst. Prof. of Chemistry, Purdue University, 2002-2007.

Assoc. Prof of Chemistry, Purdue University (Tenured 2007), 2007-.

Weiqiong Sun [10].

Barr Laboratories, Pomona, NY, 1999-2001.

VI Technologies, Watertown, MA, 2001-2002.

Bioanalytical Systems, Inc., West Lafayette, IN, 2002-.

Ruojie Sha [10].

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 2000.

Postdoc [Michael Lichten], NIH, 2001-2003.

Senior Research Associate and Laboratory Manager, NYU, 2003-.

Hao Yan [11, 2a].

Postdoc [John H. Reif], Duke University, 2001-2002.

Assistant Research Professor, Duke University, 2002-4.

Assistant Professor of Chemistry & Biodesign, Arizona State University, 2004-2008.

Professor of Chemistry & Biodesign, Arizona State University, (Tenured), 2008-.

Phiset Sa-Ardyen [7].

Lecturer, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 2003-.

Wanqiu Shen [3]

Postdoc [Jason Kahn], University of Maryland, 2004-2005.

Instructor, Nankai University, Tianjin, 2006-2007.

Postdoc [Mike Norton], Marshall University, 2007-.

Pamela Constantinou [6]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 2005.

Postdoc [Richard Smalley], Rice University, 2005-.

Xiaoping Zhang [6,1a]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 2005.

Barr Laboratories,  Pomona, New York, 2005-.

Shiping Liao [[6,1a]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman] New York University, 2005.

Barr Laboratories, Pomona, New York, 2005-.

Lisa Israel [3]

Research Scientist, Reckitt-Benckiser, 2006-.

Baoquan Ding [8,1a]

Research Scientist, Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, 2006-2009.

Research Associate [HaoYan], Biodesign Institute, 2009-2010.

Professor, National Center of Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing, 2010-.

Liang Ding [1]

Postdoc [Dan Luo], Cornell University, 2006-.

Alejandra V. Garibotti [4]

Postdoc [Ramon Eritja], Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine, 2006-.

Tong Wang [7]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 2007-2009.

Postdoc [Huilin Li], Brookhaven National Laboratory, 2009-.

Hong Zhong [5,1a]

Postdoc [Mike Norton], Marshall University, 2007-.

Banani Chakraborty [3]

Postdoc [Dipankar Sen], Simon Fraser University, 2008-.

Xing Wang [8]

Postdoc [Stephen Chou], Princeton University, 2008-10.

Postdoc [Laura Landweber], Princeton University, 2010-.

Tosan Omabegho [1]

Postdoc [Erik Winfree], California Institute of Technology, 2009-.

Jianping Zheng [1]

Postdoc [Nadrian C. Seeman], New York University, 2009-2010.

Risheng Wang [5]


Postdoc [Shalom Wind], Columbia University, 2009-.


Graduate Committee Memberships:


Min Lu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1990.

Pingchiang Lyu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1991.

Aideen Young, Ph.D, Chemistry, 1991.

InSug O, Ph.D., Biology, 1994.

Xun Meng, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1996.

Ling Chen, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1996.

Edward Huff, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1996.

Xinghua Hu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1997.

Jason Reed, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1997.

Craig Allen, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1998.

Yaohua Dai, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1999.

Xiaodong Xu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2000.

Alexei Podtelezhnikov, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2000.

Ping Zhuang, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2001.

Olga Rechkoblit, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2001.

Lei Zhu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2003.

Jing Huang, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2003.

Osvaldo dos Santos, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2003.

Andrea Holmes, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2003.

John Kulp, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2006.

Ge Ma, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2007.

Sebastiano Collino, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2007.

Barney Yoo, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2008.

Yu Liu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2008.

Sung Bin Shin, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2008.

Yeliz Utku, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2009.

Jian Liang, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2010.

Nahum Shiffeldrim, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2011.

Stephanie Geggier, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2011.

Nancy Hom, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2011.

Bishwajit Paul, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2011.

Xiang Xu, Chemistry, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2012.

Eli Bendet-Taicher, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2014.

Kun-Ta Wu, Ph.D, Physics, 2013.

Miao Ye, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2015.

Sen Zhang, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Chen Li, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Yuning Zhang, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Peng Guo, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Lizheng Zhu, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Theodore Hueckel, Ph.D., Chemistry, current.

Guolong Zhu, Ph.D., Physics, current.



Thesis Committee Readerships:


Leondios Kostrikis, Chemistry, Ph.D., 1993.

Chih-Chien Li, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1993.  

Dionisios Rentzeperis, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1994.  

Rong Xu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1994.  

Robert Lancaster, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1995.  

Wei-Wen Cai, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1996.  

Jinqi Xu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1996.  

Jesus Castagnetto, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1997.

Guangzhao Xu, Ph.D., Chemistry, 1999.

Homar Barcena, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2003.

Jing Zhang, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2005.

Sam Simpson, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2009.

Lee Lior, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2012.

Joy Romulus, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2013.

Xiaojian Wang, Ph.D., Chemistry, 2013.



External Thesis Committee Readerships:


Bettina Franz, Ph.D., Biology, Brown Univ. (Arthur Landy), 1990.

Mitchel J. Doktycz, Ph.D., Chemistry, Univ. Illinois at Chicago (Steve Benight), 1991.

Ekaterina Protozanova, Ph.D, Pharmacology Univ. Toronto (Robert Macgregor), 2000.

Petra Sauer, Ph.D., Physics, Stevens Institute of Technology (Hong-Liang Ciu), 2004.

Brian Frezza, Ph.D., The Scripps Research Institute (Reza Ghadiri), 2010.

Toen Castle, Ph.D., Applied Math, Australian National Univ. (Stephen Hyde), 2013.

Lourdu Xavier Paulraj, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (Henry Chapman), Current.



External Students Directed at NYU (Contact Person):


Jens Kopatsch, Ph.D., Biotechnology, Technical University of Berlin (Ulf Stahl), 2004.

Tosan Omabegho, Ph.D., Harvard University (Howard Stone), 2009.






SUNY/Albany, Department of Biological Sciences, 1977-1988:


Donation of $16,875 consulting fees to Department during the period of RCDA, 1983-1985.




University Committee on Linkages with the Private Sector, 1981-1986

(Chair, 1983-1984).

University Task Force on Small Business Incubators, 1986.

University Internal Advisory Board on Applied Science, 1987.

University Computer Advisory Committee, 1986-1988.

Steering Committee, Center for Biological Macromolecules, 1978-1981, 1986-1987.

College Committee on Physics-Biology Interaction, 1986.

College Committee on Biochemistry, Chair, 1987.

Chemistry Department Search Committee, 1986-1987.

Biology Department Search Committee, 1986-1987.

Department Graduate Examination Committee, 1978-1979, 1986-1987.

Department Graduate Admissions Committee, 1982-1983.

Department Electron Microscope Committee, 1982-1983.

Department Personnel Committee, 1979-1982, 1986-1987.


Other Service:


High School Teacher Program Lecturer, 1983.

Elder Hostel Lecturer, 1985.



New York University, Department of Chemistry, 1988-present.


$10,000 option fee on patents received from Ingeny, B.V., given to the Office of the Deputy Chancellor, 1992.


Director of Graduate Studies in Chemistry, 1991-2000.

Director of Admissions in Chemistry, 2000-2009.


University Service:


Alumni Lecturer, 1989.

Research Challenge Fund Referee, 1990, 1993.

Technology Transfer Grant Review Committee, 1991-1994.

Undergraduate Scholars Interview Program, 1992.

Human Subjects Oversight Committee, 1992-1995.

Pre-Medical Student Interviewer, 1995.

Packard Fellowships Internal Review Selection Panel, 1995 (Convener), 1996, 1998 (Convener).

Science Council, 1995-1996.

Ad Hoc FAS Library Advisory Committee, 1995-1996.

FAS Website Working Group, 1996.

FAS Sokol Award Committee, 1996.

GSAS Committee on Graduate Student Housing, 1996-1997.

FAS Library Liaison Committee, 1997-1998.

GSAS Task Force on Graduate Financial Assistance, 1998.

FAS Faculty Council Alternate, 1998-2001 [active, fall, 1999; fall, 2000].

Pew Scholars Review Panel, 1999.

Whitehead Fellowships for Junior Faculty Committee, 1999-2002.

Packard Application Selection Committee, 1999, 2001 (Convener).

Hughes Application Selection Committee, 1999.

International Student Orientation, 2000, 2002.

Promotions and Tenure Committee, 2000-2001.

Graduate Financial Aid Committee, 2006-2008.

Graduate Curriculum Committee, 2007.

ITS Faculty Working Group, 2009-2010.

Tenured Faculty Senators Council, Alternate Member, 2015-2016.



Chemistry Department Committees:


Graduate Admissions Committee, 1988-1991 (ex officio, 1991-2009).

Faculty Search Committee, Chair, 1988-1989.

Graduate Curriculum Reform Committee, Chair, 1989.

Executive Committee (ex officio), 1991-.

Faculty Search Committee, 1993.

Biophysical Faculty Search Committee, Member, 1998-1999; Chair, 1999-2000. 

Bio-organic Faculty Search Committee, Chair, 1998-1999, Member, 1999-2000.

Experimental Faculty Search Committee, 2001-2002.

Graduate Committee, 2009-2010.

Promotions Committee, 2011-2012.

Senior Faculty Search Committee, 2012-2013.

Nano-Physical Faculty Search Committee, Chair, 2014-2015.

Physical Chemistry Search Committee, 2015-2016.

Seminar Committee, 2014-2016.


Personnel Review Committees:


Tenure Review Committee (Marc A. Walters), 1990, 1993.

Tenure Review Committee (Tamar Schlick), 1992.

Tenure Review Committee (Zlatko Bacic), 1992.

Three-year Review Committee (John Zhang), 1993.

Three-year Review Committee (Louise Pape), Chair, 1994.

Tenure Review Committee (David Schwartz), Chair, 1994.

Three-year Review Committee (Scott Courtney), Chair, 1995.

Promotion Review Committee (Tamar Schlick), Chair, 1995.

Tenure Review Committee (James Canary), 1996.

Tenure Review Committee (Kang Zhao), 1997.

Promotion Review Committee (James Canary), Chair, 2002.

Three-year Review Committee (Kent Kirshenbaum), Chair, 2005.

Tenure Review Committee (Michael Ward), Chair, 2006.

Three-year Review Committee (Ying-Kai Zhang), 2006.

Tenure Review Committee (Joanna Aizenberg), 2006.

Tenure Review Committee (Paramjit Arora), 2007.

Tenure Review Committee (Bart Kahr), Chair, 2008.


Other Chemistry Department Service:


Colloquium Chair (Biomolecular), Spring, 1990.

Biomolecular Seminar Coordinator, Spring, 1990-1994.

Biomolecular Qualifying Exam Organizer, 1990-1991.

Host, USA '92, Free University of Amsterdam Chemistry Tour Group, 1992.

Host, Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group, 2008.






Professor William A. Goddard III

Materials and Process Simulation Center

California Institute of Technology

Pasadena, CA 91125

[email protected]


Professor Gregory A. Petsko

Department of Biochemistry and Chemistry

Brandeis University

Waltham, MA 02453

[email protected]


Professor George M. Whitesides

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138


[email protected]